Boston Massacre Teacher Materials.pdf - Boston Massacre...

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STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Boston Massacre Lesson Plan Central Historical Questions: What happened in Boston on March 5, 1770? Who was responsible? Materials: Copies of Documents A and BBoston Massacre PowerPointCopies of Boston Massacre Images HandoutCopies of Guiding QuestionsPlan of Instruction: Note: Before this lesson, students should know about the conflict between colonists and British authorities leading up to the Boston Massacre. 1. Free-Write. Have students free-write in response to this prompt: What do you know about what was happening in Boston before March 5, 1770? 2. Share Out. Make sure to establish the following: a. Boston had been the center of the conflict between colonists and the British government in the years following the Seven Years’ War. b. By 1770, the British had stationed more than 4,000 troops in Boston to maintain order. The population of Boston at the time was approximately 15,000. c. Residents of Boston were upset by the presence of British soldiers, and there were frequently confrontations between British soldiers and colonists. d. On February 22, 1770, an 11-year-old boy, Christopher Seider, was shot and killed by a British customs official during a protest. Bostonians were outraged and his death was widely publicized. 3. PowerPoint. a. Slide 1: Title slide. On March 5, 1770, there was a violent confrontation between British soldiers and colonists in Boston. British soldiers killed five colonists in an event that came to be known as the Boston Massacre. The events leading up to the Boston Massacre were chaotic, and there are many conflicting accounts of what took place. b. Slide 2: Central Historical Question. Today we are going to be exploring a series of documents in order to answer these questions: What happened in Boston on March 5, 1770? Who was responsible? Note: At first, do nottell students who created the two images or when they were painted. If students ask about the artists or the dates of creation, tell them that those are excellent questions that will be addressed shortly.
STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu c. Slide 3: Image 1. In pairs, ask students to answer the questions from the Boston Massacre Images Handout for Image 1. Share out. Students may note the following: i. Participants: The British soldiers are wearing matching red coats and are standing in a line. The American colonists appear to be well dressed, unarmed, and not in formation. ii. Location: The battle appears to be taking place in the middle of a city. One of the buildings is labeled “Butcher’s Hall.” The image is titled “The Bloody Massacre perpetrated in King Street Boston on March 5th 1770 by a party of the 29th Regt.” iii. Casualties: There are several colonists lying on the ground. It doesn’t look like any of the British soldiers have been wounded.

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