Chapter 6_deviance_crime.doc - Chapter 6 Deviance Crime Social Control Study guide These come from the PoowerPoints and the E-text You should be

Chapter 6_deviance_crime.doc - Chapter 6 Deviance Crime...

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Chapter 6 – Deviance, Crime & Social Control - Study guide These come from the PoowerPoints and the E-text You should be familiar with the following terms and concepts, and be able to apply them to examples: - Social control, including; Informal social control (Informal sanctions) & Formal social control (formal sanctions) - (hint: more in Chapter 2) A group’s formal and informal means of enforcing its norms o Informal Sanctions: ridicule or ostracism can realign a straying individual towards norms. Informal sanctions may include shame, ridicule, sarcasm, criticism, and disapproval. o Formal Sanctions: A sanction that is officially recognized by an authority and enforced. - What are norms? Folkways, mores and taboos? (Hint: given in lecture, more in Chapter 2) Norms: Expectations (rules of behavior) that develop out of a group’s values. Predictable behavior. Folkways: refers to simple everyday norms based on customs, traditions or etiquette. Mores: norms based on broad social morals whose infraction would generate more serious condemnation Laws: the strongest social norms supported by codified social sanctions. - What Causes Deviance, and why is it Functional for Society? Physical illness and learned deviance. o Genetic predisposition: inborn tendencies (for example, a tendency to commit deviant acts) o Personality disorders: the view that a personality disturbance of some sort causes an individual to violate social norms Functional for Society: o Clarifies moral boundaries o Reaffirms norms o Encourages unity o Promotes social change - Conformity and Obedience (hint: more in chapter 5) Conformity is defined as going along with peers who have no special right to direct our behavior Obedience is defined as compliance with higher authorities in a hierarchical structure - Definition of Deviance Violation of widely accepted social norms; everything outside of normality.
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