Chapter 6 – Deviance, Crime & Social Control - Study guideThese come from the PoowerPoints and the E-textYou should be familiar with the following terms and concepts, and be able to apply them to examples:- Social control, including; Informal social control (Informal sanctions) & Formal social control (formal sanctions) - (hint: more in Chapter 2)A group’s formal and informal means of enforcing its normsoInformal Sanctions: ridicule or ostracism can realign a straying individual towards norms. Informal sanctions may include shame, ridicule, sarcasm, criticism, and disapproval.oFormal Sanctions: A sanction that is officially recognized by an authority and enforced.- What are norms? Folkways, mores and taboos? (Hint: given in lecture, more in Chapter 2)Norms: Expectations (rules of behavior) that develop out of a group’s values. Predictable behavior.Folkways: refers to simple everyday norms based on customs, traditions or etiquette.Mores: norms based on broad social morals whose infraction would generate more serious condemnationLaws: the strongest social norms supported by codified social sanctions.- What Causes Deviance, and why is it Functional for Society?Physical illness and learned deviance. oGenetic predisposition: inborn tendencies (for example, a tendency to commit deviant acts)oPersonality disorders: the view that a personality disturbance of some sort causes an individual to violate social normsFunctional for Society:oClarifies moral boundariesoReaffirms normsoEncourages unityoPromotes social change- Conformity and Obedience (hint: more in chapter 5)Conformity is defined as going along with peers who have no special right to direct our behaviorObedience is defined as compliance with higher authorities in a hierarchical structure- Definition of DevianceViolation of widely accepted social norms; everything outside of normality.