Lecture 8 - Post-Structuralism.pptx

Lecture 8 - Post-Structuralism.pptx - PostStructuralism...

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Post- Structuralism
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Outline 1. Structuralism & Post- structuralism 2. P-S in IR 3. Ontological & epistemological critique of traditional IR 4. Major concerns 5. Power/knowledge 6. Identity 7. Theory as practice
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Structuralism early C20 – 1960s language, grammar, all meaning systems governed by systematic deep structures organised by opposition/contrast unobservable deep structures determine observable surface behaviour universal structure of human mind
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P-S: reaction vs. Structuralism 1960s Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Pierre Bourdieu, Roland Barthes, Gilles Deleuze critique of universal absolutes limits of knowledge undermining binary oppositions critique of fixed essences dynamic over static; instability over stability fundamental role of power importance of language & spoken/written discourse
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Post-structuralism in IR: history 1 st wave (1980s to mid-1990s) abstract critique of philosophical foundations 3 rd “Great Debate” 2 nd wave (late 90s – today) empirical study of historical events e.g. war in Bosnia, US foreign policy in Korea, humanitarian intervention, European security
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Ontology ontology : what a theory assumes to exist in the world of IR what are main actors, processes, phenomena in IR? e.g. states, institutions, anarchy, balance of power, globalisation, international norms
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IR’s ontology: critique traditional IR: concepts  objective realities e.g. “structure of international system” or “globalisation”
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