Psych 2061 Mid Term 1 (Ch 1-5).docx - Psychology 2061A Mid-Term 1 Notes(Chapters 1-5 Chapter 1 Intro to Industrial\/Organizational Psychology History and

Psych 2061 Mid Term 1 (Ch 1-5).docx - Psychology 2061A...

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Psychology 2061A – Mid-Term 1 Notes (Chapters 1-5) Chapter 1: Intro to Industrial/Organizational Psychology History and Development of I/O Psychology -Definition of I/O Psychology I/O Psychology: a field of both scientific research & professional practice that aims to further the welfare of people by understanding the behaviour of individuals & organizations in the workplace , helping individuals pursue meaningful & enriching work, & assisting organizations in the effective management of their HR. Occupational Health Psychology: a field of research and practice that is based, at least partially, on I/O psychology & is concerned with the health and safety of individuals at work . -17 million people employed in Canada (out of pop. 32 million) *-Scientist-Practitioner Perspective: the view that I/O Psychology focuses on both scientific research & applied professional practice. & Centers on the enhancement of individual well-being + organizational effectiveness in workplace.* (basic summary of I/O CH. 1) -Training in I/O Psychology CSIOP (Canadian); SIOP (USA) -I/O psychologists should be psych undergrads + masters; internships should be supervised by qualified I/O psychologists in order to gain experience. 22 Competency Areas for those studying I/O psych: 11 core, 5 comp., 6 secon. -History of I/O Psychology Early I/O psych (Scott, Munsterberg, allied themselves with goals of industry i.e. increased efficiency. Emerged post WW2 in Canada WW1 caused it in USA (need to employ/enlist such a large group) Army Alpha: a measure of cognitive ability developed for placement of U.S. soldiers during World War 1 . Army Beta: a non-verbal intelligence test developed for placement of U.S. soldiers during World War 1. Job Analysis: a way of understanding job tasks and requirements through systematic analysis Hawthorne effect: the suggestion that any intervention will have the desired effect (created increase in productivity no matter what he did/by accident)
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Psychology 2061A – Mid-Term 1 Notes (Chapters 1-5) WW2: John Flanagan (selected aviators) Critical incident technique: a widely used technique of job analysis developed by Flanagan Assessment Centre: a widely used selection technique, originally developed to select potential spies . Canadian I/O Psychology (begins in 1928[CPA]) M test: a Canadian cognitive ability test developed during World War 2 . McGill prof. Ed Webster godfather of Canadian I/O Couchiching conf. - Prof. Pat Rowe: female understudy (UWaterloo) -Development of CSIOP “Canadian Society of I/O psych” – branch of CPA 400 members now -I/O Psychology in Quebec SQPTO, works separately to CSIOP -Contribution of Canadian I/O Psychologists 10x smaller than SIOP, but still have Webster, Kendall, Vroom, Evans, House, Johns/Chadwick-Jones, Latham etc. greater cont. than one would expect given our numbers Current / Projected Trends Influencing I/O Psychology I/O psychology responds to the needs of the time (e.g. wartime, post-war baby boomers) -Technology / Changing Nature of Work Allows work from home etc. how does one manage/lead someone they don’t see face-to-face?
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