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Psychology 2061A – Mid-Term 1 Notes (Chapters 1-5)Chapter 1: Intro to Industrial/Organizational PsychologyHistory and Development of I/O Psychology-Definition of I/O PsychologyI/O Psychology: a field of both scientific research & professional practice that aims to further the welfare of people by understanding the behaviour of individuals & organizations in the workplace, helping individuals pursue meaningful & enriching work, & assisting organizations in the effective management of their HR.Occupational Health Psychology: a field of research and practice that is based, at least partially, on I/O psychology & is concerned with the health and safety of individuals at work. -17 million people employed in Canada (out of pop. 32 million)*-Scientist-Practitioner Perspective: the view that I/O Psychology focuses on both scientific research & applied professional practice. & Centers on the enhancement of individual well-being + organizational effectiveness in workplace.* (basic summary of I/O CH. 1)-Training in I/O PsychologyCSIOP (Canadian); SIOP (USA)-I/O psychologists should be psych undergrads + masters; internships should be supervised by qualified I/O psychologists in order to gain experience.22 Competency Areas for those studying I/O psych: 11 core, 5 comp., 6 secon.-History of I/O PsychologyEarly I/O psych (Scott, Munsterberg, allied themselves with goals of industry i.e. increased efficiency. Emerged post WW2 in CanadaWW1 caused it in USA (need to employ/enlist such a large group)Army Alpha: a measure of cognitive ability developed for placement of U.S. soldiers during World War 1.Army Beta: a non-verbal intelligence testdeveloped for placement of U.S. soldiers during World War 1.Job Analysis: a way of understanding job tasks and requirementsthrough systematic analysis Hawthorne effect: the suggestion that anyinterventionwill have the desired effect (created increase in productivity no matter what he did/by accident)
Psychology 2061A – Mid-Term 1 Notes (Chapters 1-5)WW2: John Flanagan (selected aviators) Critical incident technique: a widely used technique of job analysis developed by FlanaganAssessment Centre: a widely used selection technique, originally developed toselect potential spies. Canadian I/O Psychology (begins in 1928[CPA])M test: a Canadian cognitive ability test developed during World War 2.McGill prof. Ed Webster godfather of Canadian I/O Couchiching conf.-Prof. Pat Rowe: female understudy (UWaterloo)-Development of CSIOP“Canadian Society of I/O psych” – branch of CPA 400 members now -I/O Psychology in Quebec SQPTO, works separately to CSIOP-Contribution of Canadian I/O Psychologists10x smaller than SIOP, but still have Webster, Kendall, Vroom, Evans, House, Johns/Chadwick-Jones, Latham etc. greater cont. than one would expect given our numbersCurrent / Projected Trends Influencing I/O PsychologyI/O psychology responds to the needs of the time (e.g. wartime, post-war baby boomers)-Technology / Changing Nature of WorkAllows work from home etc. how does one manage/lead someone they don’t see face-to-face?