AP English Vocabulary Lists 1-7.docx - AP English Vocabulary List 1 1 Archetype a theme motif symbol or stock character that holds a familiar place in a

AP English Vocabulary Lists 1-7.docx - AP English...

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AP English Vocabulary List 1 1. Archetype- a theme, motif, symbol, or stock character that holds a familiar place in a culture’s consciousness. 2. Abstract- not attached to anything specific or concrete; for this reason, abstract terms or ideas are sometimes difficult to understand, and the word abstract is sometimes applied to difficult or dense works. 3. Active voice- in this verb form, the subject of the sentence performs the action denoted by the verb. Example: Gretchen sweeps the floor. 4. Aesthetic- relating to beauty or to a branch of philosophy concerned with art, beauty, and taste. 5. Allegory- a narrative in which literal meaning corresponds directly with symbolic meaning. 6. Ambiguity- a word or idea that can be understood in multiple ways; frequently refers to the condition of being obscure or difficult to understand. 7. Anachronism-the misplacement of a person, occurrence, custom, or idea in time; also sometimes refers to an individual placed in time. 8. Anagnorisis- a moment of recognition or discovery; primarily used in reference to Greek tragedy. 9. Analysis / analytic / analytical- separating something into the components or elements of which it is made; also skilled in using analysis, especially in reasoning or thinking. 10. Anecdote- the brief narration of a single event or incident. 11. Argument- the expression of a position or claim supported by reasons; also a discourse intended to persuade or convince. 12. Argument by definition- a form of argument in which the writer defines a term by placing it in a particular category, thereby claiming that what is true for the whole category is true for the particular term. Example: “A dog is a living thing. All living things deserve respect. Therefore, dogs deserve respect.” 13. Antecedent- in grammar, a substantive work, phrase, or clause whose denotation is referred to by a pronoun. In logic, the conditional element in a proposition. 14. Antihero / antiheroine- a protagonist who is not admirable or who challenges our notions of what should be considered admirable. 15. Apology- a formal attempt to justify or defend one’s actions while implying regret for them. 16. Appeal to emotion- in a written work, the attempt to arouse the audience’s feelings and sympathies. 17. Appeal to character- the author’s attempt to sway readers by creating a positive impression of his or her own character. 18. Appeal to reason- the author’s attempt to influence readers by means of logic, argument, and evidence. 19. Appeal through style- a writer’s attempt to influence readers by choosing words and expressions that create a certain tone or make what the writer says vivid and memorable. 20. Assumption- a fact or statement that is taken for granted rather than tested or proved. List 2
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1. Audience- in the context of writing and literature, this term refers to the reading public or to a specific group of intended readers.
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