POLS- Chapter 2 (Lecture and Readings .docx - 1 POLS...

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POLS 1000-LECTURE 2Ways of Organizing Power: State, Nation and Sovereignty The State (pg 24) Distinction between the term state and gov. oMost people use gov and state interchangeable but there is difference State:3 fundamental parts that allow groups to be called a state (states are permanent)1. Self governing Political community: democratic institutions or religious based institutions2. Capability to make rules that are bindingon the population Even if not accepted by individuals, still accepted and respected 3. In a given territory Internet: who rules the cyberspace?States are not equalPage 25: chart of government expenditure as of GDP (it should be state)oState expenditure Gross Domestic Product: overall expenditure on goods and services in particular economy of particular country More money spent by states, shows how important they are insteadof private corporationsBangladesh is not investing in gov. Public provisioning of services, lowest percent of state expenditureSize of states as that is manifested in different government policies, varies in a major wayGovernment: Makes decisions and rules over state institutions for a particular period of time Not permanent state of institutions oGovernments come and go with elections they are changed Trudeau Government, Trump Administration Sovereignty (pg 26)Principle that states are the highest authority for their population and territory and are not subject to any external authority oDegree in which state institutions within a given territory have autonomy and independence Imperialism: certain states which control other states so that their sovereignty is compromisedoEx. Britain (colonial power) and India (colonial subject) India had no state, British state ruled over India, no Indian sovereignty State has historical development (although some forms….maintain order)Sovereign Territorial Power: notion that there is a single source of power within a territory 1
oFeudal Organization: 1000 AD-1500 ADDivided Sovereignty: no single source of authority and power Myriad sources of power and authority: Nobles, vassals, Catholic church (all had diff. Authority over specific powers)Various relations of control over peasants Governance: the making and implementing of decisions often with the involvement of state and non-state organizations oA broader process in which states and non-states are engaged in governing population Non-states: parts of society that doesn't have characteristics of state (example: NGOS) Amnesty international: constantly creating reports on HR violations Reports can inform and influence laws created by states (the degree of which this happens relies on the gov.) Failed State: state that is unable to enforce laws, maintain order, protect lives of citizens and provide basic servicesoStates are integral to the quality of life in a territoryoNumber of states in world has grown substantially including sovereign states o

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