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arh 301, 02.21.08 - Hinduism about 4,000 years old Not...

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02/21/08 Hinduism : about 4,000 years old Not organized or centralized Doesn’t have one major founder/figure -divided into sects, and each one has a different patron deity -complicated and nuanced religion They all rely on the Vedas (religious text) which are considered divine revelation Fundamental tenants: -belief in reincarnation -good behavior in one life leads to more exaltation in the next life -not focused on the self, but focused on a godly path to life -divine presence extends to nature: nature itself is considered sacred Kailasantha Temple; Ellora, India c. 760-800 AD -Rock has sacred properties, so they carved the temple out of a rock outcropping -the temple was considered a mountain: Mt. Kailasa, -principle of Shiva and Parvati -oriented to cardinal directions -Central temple: -main shrine that contains a box that contains: Earth, stones, gems, herbs, roots, & metals -these things are all derived from earth and offerings to the gods -not the work of one individual or one ruler, it was a collaborative group effort
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