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arh 301, 02.05.08 - Map of Mesoamerica Olmecs bigger and...

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02/05/08 Map of Mesoamerica Olmecs: bigger and better View of Olmec region: Olmec flourishing by 1200 BC in complex society (stratified society) -measure societal position by differential access to goods -Not technologically advanced: No wheel, no use of metal, no beasts of burden San Lorenzo, flourishes 1200-900 BCE -carried soil to center of rivers so it would be elevated, to avoid flooding (palace built here) -San Lorenzo Monument 1 -solid basalt (volcanic rock), each weigh ~40 tons -huge rocks transported by river from far away -evidence of some kind of centralized authority -carved through abrasion : no metal at this time, so rubbed with another rock for years -a lot of detail despite -“fleshy” stylization -each headdress is unique, & all the facial features are also unique -all of them wear jade ear-spools, only jade is found in nature wayyy far away shows economic & political power -Jaguar headdress shows power (#5) San Lorenzo falls from power around 900 BCE Khafre v. Olmec ruler (test) Jade celts: 5/6 inches in height
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