20 harm_reduction

20 harm_reduction - Cornell's General Alcohol and Drug(AOD...

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Unformatted text preview: Cornell's General Alcohol and Drug (AOD) Policy Explicit: Rules in residence halls/ on campus Illegal to drink underage of 21 Implicit: We know you may choose to drink, so here are ways to do it safely and avoid risky or unwanted consequences Harm Reduction Philosophy Harm Reduction A practitioner philosophy used when dealing with risky or dangerous behaviors Opposite on the spectrum to an abstinence model Avoid problems when you choose to... Needle exchanges with heroin users Distributing condoms in middle/high schools Drink, Use Drugs, Have Sex etc. Harm Reduction with College Drinking Colleges adopt a variety of educational, awareness or intervention programs to deal with excessive alcohol use. Avoid negative consequences by: Setting a limit on the number of drinks Pacing yourself when drinking Avoiding hard alcohol Discussing relevant negative consequences Hangovers, poor academic performance, unwanted sexual activity, weight gain, violence and physical harm. Tips for Moderate Drinking Set a limit before you start Pace your drinks over time Keep track of what you've had Alternate nonalcoholic & alcoholic drinks Eat before & during drinking Avoid hard alcohol Avoid drinking games Be cognizant of different effects of alcohol on men vs. women Harm Reduction on Campus (administration driven) Slope Day changes BASICS Fences, ID Check, Concert OFSA Event Management Policies AlcoholEdu Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students Assessment of drinking habits and comparison to norms Alcohol tips and harm reduction strategies Medical Amnesty Protocol Policy to reduce barriers to seeking assistance in medical emergencies Person in need of medical attention and individual who calls for assistance will not be subject to judicial action for: Underage Possession Disorderly Conduct Providing alcohol to minors Drinking Culture on Campus Drinking cultures are determined by student population, judicial enforcement geography/environment, history and traditions among other reasons Very hard to change because of institutionalization Unfortunate incidents (e.g. student deaths) may trigger change University of Colorado, Duke University Must first recognize realities of group's ideology then determine who can make the necessary changes and how it can be done within group's ideology. Cornell's ideology underlying its drinking culture Work Hard, Play Hard Freedom with Responsibility Cultural forms displaying these ideologies: Orientation Week Senior Week Slope Day Selfgoverned Greek System No parental notification Cornell's Greek Community 2nd largest Greek system in the country Alcohol Use and Hazing are large issues 39 IFC chapters, 13 PanHel, 15 MGLC Selfgoverned with support from OFSA staff More than 1/3rd of Undergraduate population Members drink far greater amounts than other students on campus (75% vs. 49% in heavy drinking) Sorority members are twice as likely to engage in high risk drinking (72% vs. 36%) Alcoholrelated incidents and deaths are often linked to Greek system Negative consequences related to high risk drinking are increasing and much more prevalent in the Greek system Fraternity Rush Changing Culture: One Example Pressure for change due to liability and safety concerns IFC is taking measures to change Rush: National Organization and University Rules mandate it to be alcoholfree. Reality is: complete booze fest Growing trend of alcoholrelated incidents and emergencies Survey of alcohol use among rushees and chapters Staying cognizant of group's ideology: competing for rushees, having the best events to attract brothers, social lubricant, alcohol arms race and longstanding traditions. Proposals for registered parties, barring hard alcohol, increased police patrol, judicial sanctions, 3rd party transportation. Need support from all stakeholders: CU administration, CU and Ithaca police, Gannett, Residential Life, Alumni and most importantly ALL CHAPTERS. Changing Greek Culture Maintaining Harm Reduction Philosophy What else can be done? Priorities: Obeying laws, limiting liability, health and safety of students Within National Organizations Within entire Cornell Greek system Within a single chapter How do we change from the bottom? Like Sandhogs, Cornell undergraduates are highly resistant to change. What can students do? In what ways is it possible to even imagine realistic change? ...
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