gov 312L, 02.06.08 - 3. Much more commonality between...

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02/06/08 Liberal Democracy in the U.S. – II I. Checks and Balances? Presidentialism/Parliamentarism A. U.S. Presentialism: Clear separation of powers 1. Fixed terms of office a. Can only remove presidents for serious criminal wrongdoing b. President can’t dissolve Congress c. Voters can’t elect new reps at random to stop gridlock 2. Branches have to compromise to get things done: no extremes pushing their will 3. Safeguards: a. Electoral college b. Directly-elected Congress split into two houses, so they have to compromise too c. Independent judiciary B. Parliamentarism in Europe (e.g. Great Britain): Attenuated separation of powers 1. Citizens elect Parliament, Parliament elects government 2. If gov’t loses Parliament majority support, it can be voted out at any time; similarly, gov’t can call new elections and reorganize Parliament
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Unformatted text preview: 3. Much more commonality between Parliament and govt than between U.S. President and Congress 4. Parliament is an expression of popular sovereignty, so theres no judicial review and no constitution to trump Parliament 5. Maximum term: 5 years; minimum term: none C. Government strength in Parliamentarism: govt is more powerful than Parliament 1. Govt uses precarious position to lay claim to support 2. Emphasizes that the people know Parliament elected the govt and would be suspicious if Parliament didnt support govt 3. Threat of govt collapsing means Parliament supports govt to keep from being ousted by citizens 4. Govt supported by party discipline...
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course GOV 312L taught by Professor Madrid during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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