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arh 301, 02.19.08 - Constructing Sacred Space Ritual...

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02/19/08 Constructing Sacred Space & Ritual Buddhism One of the cradles of civilization -Religious development very influential History of Buddhism -536 BC, Sedartho Guatamo (a prince who lived b/w India and Nepal) forsakes his privileged life and goes wandering in the wilderness for 6 years -contemplates the nature of human suffering -begins to meditate under “Soh” tree, and at dawn on the 40 th day he reaches nirvana: release from human suffering -Buddha = enlightened one, lived to age 80 Buddhist Beliefs: 1. Life is suffering 2. Ignorance is the cause of suffering 3. Ignorance can be overcome 4. Righteousness and compassion is the path to follow to overcome this ignorance Great Stupa, Sanchi, India 3 rd – 2 nd c. BC, Built by King Ashoka -origins lie in burial mounds (stupa = mound) -King Ashoka known for his successful battles (bloodthirsty) -261 BC, he’d just won an incredible battle. He was looking out and saw a Buddhist monk walking through the carnage
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