Understanding your Personality_SOUL.ppt - HKU SPACE...

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Understanding your Understanding your Personality Personality HKU SPACE COMMUNITY COLLEGE 香港大學專業進修附屬學院 Intra & Interpersonal Competencies
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Content Content 1. Stages of personality development 2. Factors affecting personality development: Childhood Adolescence Transition to Adulthood 3. Gender influence on personality
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Personality Personality An individual’s characteristics, is relatively stable ways of thinking, feeling and behaving across different situations and over time (John & Gosling, 2000)
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Stages of Personality Development Stages of Personality Development Erikson s (1963) 8 psychosocial stages Life Stage Core struggle Theme 1. Infancy (age 0-2) Trust vs. Mistrust Maternal care HOPE 2. Early Childhood (age 2-3) Self-reliance vs. Self- doubt Mastery of self-control tasks WILL 3. Preschool (age 3-6) Initiative vs. guilt Making own decision PURPOSE 4. Middle Childhood (age 6-12) Industry vs Inferiority Learning at school and attaining goals COMPETENC E
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Stages of Personality Development Stages of Personality Development Erikson s (1963) 8 psychosocial stages Life Stage Core struggle Theme 5. Adolescence (age 13-20) Identity vs Role confusion Development of personal identity FIDELIT Y 6. Early Adulthood (age 21-34) Intimacy vs Isolation Forming close relationship and intimacy LOVE 7. Middle Adulthood (age 35-69) Generativity vs Stagnation Reevaluation of meaning of life CARE 8. Late Adulthood (age 70 onward) Integrity vs Despair Looking back on your life and reviewing choices WISDO M
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Factors that affect personality development Factors that affect personality development during childhood: during childhood: Parenting Styles Parenting Styles Authoritative parents Hold firm limits and sets high goals for their children Allow their children to explore Baumrind (1967, 1971, 1978) Permissive parents Few demands Tend to indulge their children Authoritarian parents Highly demanding and controlling May use threat of physical punishment Neglectful parents Not very involved in their children’s lives Only provide for basic physical needs
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Factors that affect personality development Factors that affect personality development during childhood: during childhood: Parenting Styles Parenting Styles Children of Authoritative parents High self-reliance and self- control
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