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Comm 103 Chapter 13.docx

Comm 103 Chapter 13.docx - Communication 103 Fall 2017 M...

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Communication 103 - Fall 2017 M. Rapp Chapter 13: Presenting a Speech Confidently and Competently 1. An impromptu speech is a speech you deliver on the spot, with little or no preparation. 2. An extemporaneous speech is one that is carefully prepared to sound as though it is being delivered spontaneously. a. Organizing and finding support for your speech; choosing, developing and researching a topic. b. Speech method won’t work if there is a specific time limit. 3. Scripted speech is composed word for word on a manuscript and then read aloud exactly as it is written. a. Common in when exact wording in a speech is a must to fit into a time frame. i. Ex: politicians and news anchors. b. Takes more time and energy to prepare. 4. Memorized speech is a speech you compose word for word and then deliver from memory. a. Can have natural gestures and maintain a level of eye contact. b. Disadvantage of memorized speech: takes a great deal of energy and time to prepare, memorization can come across as excessively prepared and overly formal, and the speaker's memory can fail. (if fail to memorize, improvise). 5. Stress is the body’s reaction to any type of perceived threat 6. Psychological Effects of Public Speaking a. Public speaking anxiety represents a specific form of anxiety, a feeling of worry and unease b. Anticipatory anxiety, which is the worry they fell when looking ahead in a speech. i. Starts when a speech is assigned ii. Stress decrease when the speech is being prepared c. Visualization: developing a particular image of winning or giving a successful performance.
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