lecture_3 - Marx's Works are about how production processes...

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Marx’s Works are about how production processes and the organization of work evolves and resulted in dehumanization-- ALIENATION
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Alienation “To part with” “To give up” “To deprive oneself of” “To divest oneself of” “Making external to oneself” “To become estranged”
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Alienation From Process Alienation From Product Alienation From Self Alienation From Others
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Economic order Ideology, Religion Social Knowledge
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Lecture 3: Durkheim: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity Professor Samuel B. Bacharach, Professor William Sonnnestuhl
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Traditional Society Durkheim put forward a theory based on “organic solidarity,” which ignored for the most part the implications of class cleavages. An effort to construct a model of society essentially antithetical to that of Marx. Durkheim’s concern with “solidarity” was related to his fear of the social and political
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Unformatted text preview: conflicts Traditional Society Homogeneity Mechanical Solidarity (Collective Conscience) Social Order Industrial Society Heterogeneity (Division of Labor) Organic Solidarity (Interdependence) Social Order 1. It leads to an exchange of services 2. Creates reciprocity of obligations 3. Clarifies interdependence 4. Defines social relationships 5. Requires high levels of coordination Durkheim elaborates the positive consequences of the division of labor. But, for Durkheim and for Marx, the social/psychological consequences of division of labor were different. ANOMIE VS ALIENATION Alienation • Too many rules guiding behavior • I hate my work • Marx saw this as problematic Anomie • Not enough rules guiding behavior • Somebody tell me what to do! • Durkheim saw this as the problem...
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