Makenzee Gooley - US Constitution and Principles Unit Notes.pdf

This preview shows page 1 out of 3 pages.

Unformatted text preview: US​ ​Constitution​ ​and​ ​Principles​ ​Unit​ ​Notes Information​ ​from​ ​Textbook: Chapter​ ​3:​ ​The​ ​Constitution 1.​ ​What​ ​are​ ​the​ ​3​ ​parts​ ​of​ ​the​ ​US Constitution? a. The​ ​Preamble b. The​ ​Seven​ ​Articles c. The​ ​Amendments 2.​ ​What​ ​are​ ​the​ ​6​ ​major​ ​principles​ ​of​ ​the​ ​US Constitution? a. Popular​ ​Sovereignty b. Federalism c. Separation​ ​of​ ​Powers d. Checks​ ​and​ ​Balances e. Judicial​ ​Review f. Limited​ ​Gov’t 3.​ ​Give​ ​2​ ​examples​ ​of​ ​how​ ​the​ ​US Constitution​ ​can​ ​be​ ​changed​ ​(amended) informally/indirectly: a. Changes​ ​Through​ ​Law b. Changes​ ​Through​ ​Practices Chapter​ ​4:​ ​The​ ​Federal​ ​System 1.​ ​In​ ​general,​ ​at​ ​what​ ​two​ ​levels​ ​is​ ​power located​ ​within​ ​the​ ​US​ ​federal​ ​system​ ​of government? a. National​ ​Powers b. State​ ​Powers 2.​ ​In​ ​what​ ​3​ ​ways​ ​does​ ​the​ ​Constitution delegate​ ​power​ ​to​ ​the​ ​national​ ​government? a. Expressed​ ​powers b. Implied​ ​powers c. Inherented​ ​Powers Additional​ ​Information​ ​from​ ​Class: Problem​ ​1:​ ​fear​ ​of​ ​Unitary​ ​gov’t Solution​ ​1:​ ​Weak​ ​nat​ ​gov’t​ ​but​ ​strong state​ ​gov’t​ ​(confederation) Problem​ ​2:​ ​domination​ ​of​ ​large​ ​states​ ​over small​ ​ones Solution​ ​2:​ ​ea.​ ​State​ ​given​ ​1​ ​vote 2​ ​achievements​ ​of​ ​the​ ​articles​ ​of confederation: 1) Gave​ ​us​ ​of​ ​gov-​ ​confederation 2) Got​ ​us​ ​land-​ ​NW​ ​ordinance Weaknesses​ ​of​ ​Articles​ ​of​ ​Confederation: No​ ​power​ ​of​ ​tax No​ ​power​ ​to​ ​enforce​ ​law No​ ​power​ ​to​ ​regulate​ ​trade Required​ ​unanimous​ ​vote​ ​for​ ​all states​ ​to​ ​amend Key​ ​Men​ ​in​ ​Constitutional/Philadelphia Convention 1) 2) 3) 4) 1) George​ ​Washington 2) Ben​ ​Franklin 3) James​ ​Madison​ ​(primary​ ​author) 4) Roger​ ​Sherman 5) William​ ​Paterson 6) George​ ​Mason Not​ ​there? ● ● ● ● ● ● ● John​ ​Adams Jefferson Hancock Sam​ ​Adams Patrick​ ​Henry Richard​ ​Henry​ ​Lee No​ ​Delegates​ ​from​ ​Rhode​ ​Island 3.​ ​To​ ​what​ ​level​ ​of​ ​government​ ​is​ ​power “reserved”? a. State​ ​government 4.​ ​Which​ ​level​ ​of​ ​government​ ​is​ ​considered the​ ​“supreme”​ ​level? a. National 5.​ ​What​ ​ ​is​ ​the​ ​term​ ​used​ ​to​ ​describe​ ​powers that​ ​are​ ​held​ ​by​ ​both​ ​levels​ ​of​ ​government? a. Concurrent​ ​Powers They​ ​tear​ ​the​ ​Old​ ​Articles​ ​up​ ​and​ ​Write​ ​the Constitution​ ​due​ ​to​ ​RI​ ​not​ ​being​ ​there,​ ​but how​ ​did​ ​they​ ​get​ ​away​ ​with​ ​it? 1) It​ ​was​ ​secret!​ ​The​ ​American​ ​Public knew​ ​nothing​ ​of​ ​it Virgina​ ​Plan ● ● ● ● James​ ​Madison​ ​(Primary​ ​Author) Represented​ ​LArge​ ​state​ ​interests 3​ ​branches​ ​of​ ​gov’t​ ​w/​ ​strong​ ​nat. gov’t Rep​ ​in​ ​the​ ​legislative​ ​branch​ ​would be​ ​on​ ​states​ ​population (proportional​ ​Rep)​ ​(House​ ​of​ ​Reps and​ ​Senate) New​ ​Jersey​ ​Plan ● ● ● ● William​ ​Paterson​ ​(Primary​ ​Author) Represented​ ​small​ ​state​ ​interests Favored​ ​stronger​ ​state​ ​level​ ​gov’t Unicameral​ ​leg.​ ​Branch​ ​w/​ ​equal rep​ ​for​ ​all​ ​states​ ​(1​ ​vote) So,​ ​how​ ​did​ ​they​ ​all​ ​agree​ ​on​ ​something? - - Civil​ ​Discourse:​ ​People​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Gov’t civically​ ​disagreeing​ ​by​ ​not​ ​talking over​ ​ea.​ ​Other - Listen​ ​before​ ​you​ ​speak - Speak​ ​one​ ​at​ ​a​ ​time The​ ​plan​ ​involved​ ​Prioritize​ ​and Compromise Connecticut​ ​(“Great”)​ ​Compromise Roger​ ​Sherman​ ​(Author) Bicameral​ ​congress House​ ​of​ ​Reps​ ​based​ ​on​ ​state​ ​size (Proportional) - Senate​ ​with​ ​equal​ ​rep​ ​(2​ ​senators per​ ​state) ⅗​ ​Compromise - - Every​ ​5​ ​slaves​ ​would​ ​be​ ​counted as​ ​three​ ​individuals​ ​when determining​ ​a​ ​state’s​ ​ ​population. Other​ ​things​ ​that​ ​they​ ​had​ ​questions about Executive​ ​Branch - Term​ ​number - Term​ ​length - Etc - Judicial​ ​Branch - Powers​ ​of​ ​branch - How​ ​do​ ​judges​ ​get​ ​to​ ​be federal​ ​judges - Characteristics​ ​possessed by​ ​a​ ​judge - Etc Issues​ ​NEVER​ ​addressed​ ​by​ ​Philly Convention - Slavery​ ​itself - Citizenship - Voting​ ​rights - States​ ​rights​ ​regarding​ ​succession - These​ ​are​ ​addressed​ ​over next​ ​200​ ​years - ...
View Full Document

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture