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America’s Achilles HeelToprietoPPOG 503: Political PhilosophyAugust 18, 2017
Since its victory in the War of 1812, the United States has increased its influenceacross the Middle East. Christianity and humanitarian help were the biggest reasons forU.S. presence in the region. However, after World War II, American interest in the regionbegan shifting toward natural resources. As their interest changed, so did their policies.The United States began implementing the same foreign policies that it once foughtagainst. From all the foreign policies that America has implemented toward the MiddleEast, none has been more damaging than regime change. The practice of regime changecreates instability in an already volatile Middle East and has forced long term U.S.presence in the region.October 20, 2011 marked the fall of Muammar Gaddafi’s regime. The once proudcolonel was dragged out of a cave and was broadcast to the world minutes before beingshot and killed on Livestream.1Gaddafi had been forced into hiding thanks to NATO’scontinuous bombardment.2However, his forces were no match for NATO forces andrebels on the ground. The regime was toppled, and a new age of prosperity was supposedto replace Gaddafi’s brutal regime. There is one problem. The rebel groups that NATOforces supported are now fighting each other.Qaddafi was overthrown for resisting Western power influence. Libya was one ofthe countries that refused to sign the United States Military charter that was allowing an1 Rafael Jimenez, Death of a Dictator (New York: Human Right Watch, 2012) accessed July 18,2017)2 Ibid
American African Command to Operate in the region.3Gaddafi also challenged theInternational Monetary Funds (IMF), refusing to accept any loans from them to financeLibya’s projects through the Western power and tried to create an African Central Bank.4Qaddafi’s move not only challenge European countries, it also challenged the supremacyof the U.S. dollar. Qaddafi was also trying to create a new way to purchase oil with theuse of the U.S. dollar. This was a direct challenge to Western countries.The fall of Qaddafi’s regime created another wave of terror in Libya. Thanks tothe No-Fly Zone established by the United Nations, Resolution 973, many of the “rebel”groups in Libya began ravaging the land and the people.5This created a humanitariancrisis that is currently flooding Europe with migrants.6This migration is not only a threatto European demographics, it’s also a threat to its security. Terrorist organizations like Al-Qaeda and ISIS are known to be operational in Libya.7This is not the only occasion that the U.S. has contributed to toppling a regime.The United Kingdom began losing its grip on Iran’s oil in 1951. Mohammad Mosaddegh,3 Mahdi Nazwemroaya,The Globalization of Nato(Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2012), 200-35.

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