SPN 312K - Final Review Charts

SPN 312K - Final Review Charts - Tammi Sue Powell SPN 312K...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sheet1 Page 1 Tammi Sue Powell SPN 312K Fall 2007 Past participles (p. 444-445, 448-449, 453) Used as adjectives 1. Must agree in gender and number with noun they modify: Hay una ventana abierta en la clase. Ya tengo los tacos preparados. 2. Often used with the verb estar and still agree in gender and number with the noun they modify: La ventana est abierta. Los tacos est n preparados. Used in the perfect construction: haber + past participle In this construction the past participle does not change form: Mis hermanos han preparado los tacos. 1. Present perfect Indicative: Yo nunca he visto las monta as en Colorado. Subjunctive: Espero que ellos hayan aprendido mucho. 2. Past perfect (pluscuamperfecto) Indicative: Cuando fui a Colorado, no hab a visto las monta as antes. Subjunctive: Esperaba que ellos hubieran aprendido mucho. S Tammi Sue Powell SPN 312K Fall 2007 Subjunctive after WEIRDO clauses (CH 13, SUP 188, 202) from Supplement to Puntos de partida, 7th Edition f Tammi Sue Powell SPN 312K Fall 2007 Subjunctive after nonexistent or indefinite antecedents (p. 470-471) Main (independent) clause Subordinate (dependent) clause Yo tengo un esposo que es guapo y viejo. Note in the above sentence that the subordinate clause refers to .esposo. in the main clause. .Esposo. is called the antecedent of the subordinate clause. Since the subordinate clause in this sentence serves to describe .esposo. and acts like an adjective (note how .guapo. and .viejo. agree in number and gender with .esposo., and how .es. agrees in number and person), the subordinate clause is an adjective clause. Known /existent antecedents = indicative in subordinate clause Marta, hhas abierto la ventana?
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sheet1 Page 2 Main clause . indicative Subordinate clause . indicative Yo tengo un esposo que es guapo y viejo. Yo vivo en una casa que es bonita y grande. Hay estudiantes que estudian mucho. Note that because the antecedents in the above sentences are known / known to exist, the speaker uses the indicative mood in the subordinate clause to describe them. Unknown / inexistent antecedents = subjunctive in subordinate clause Main clause . indicative Subordinate clause . subjunctive Yo quiero un esposo que sea guapo y viejo. Yo buscaba una casa que fuera bonita y grande. No hab a estudiantes que estudiaran mucho. Note that because the antecedents in the above sentences are not known / not known to exist, the speaker uses the subjunctive mood in the subordinate clause to describe them. Asking questions about people / things you don.t know about Main clause . indicative Subordinate clause . subjunctive Hay alguien en la clase que tenga un l piz? Since this question is really asking if the antecedent exists, because you don.t
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course SPN 312K taught by Professor All during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

Page1 / 14

SPN 312K - Final Review Charts - Tammi Sue Powell SPN 312K...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online