Ch.1 Questions.doc - Chapter 1 EC Questions 1 Who was the...

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Chapter 1 EC Questions 1. Who was the first to observe bacteria? 2. Who was the first to observe a microorganism? 3. Explain the theory of spontaneous generation. 4. Describe Francesco Redis’ experiment which debunked spontaneous generation. 5. Who is considered the Father of microbiology? 6. Describe Pasteur’s experiments involving swan-necked flasks. 7. What bacterial structure did Tyndall & Cohn discover separately? 8. What did Koch do in 1877? 9. List the event(s) that occurred in the following years: 1665 1676 1796 1838-1839 1857 1861 1864 1876 1882
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1884 1908 1929 1977 1980 10. What three activities are vital to life and performed by microorganisms? 11. Define biodiversity. 12. Why is the true contribution and biological role of microorganisms underestimated. 13. List and describe five applications of microbiology. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 14. When was the last case of smallpox reported? 15. What animal harbors plague?
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