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lecture 1-29 ntr sec1 - 20 with type 2 1 mil with type 1 41...

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Lecture 1-29-08 NTR 311 CARBOHYDRATES Sunlight/ chlorophyll CO2 + H20 C6H12O6 + O2 Energy Protein sparing Anti- ketogenic Structural Fiber non-nutritive Blood Glucose Concentration Hypoglycemia (too low) Hyperglycemia (too much)- kidney’s try to excrete the glucose and it would come out in the urine which is a sign of diabetes Leading cause of blindness Amputation Kidney failure Normal range of glucose is 100-130 If the blood glucose levels in a fasted state are equal to or greater than 126 milligrams per deciliter= diabetes Pre diabetes= if fasted, glucose levels are between 100-126 What makes glucose levels increase Eating carbs Glycogenolysis Breaking down glycogen Trigger – hormone insulin What makes glucose decrease Oxidation Glycogenesis Lipogensis Adepose= Fatt cells TABLE 1.5 Diabetes costs the US 175 billion dollars a year In the last 25 years there has been a 45% increase in ppl with diabetes 21 million ppl with diabetes
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Unformatted text preview: 20 with type 2 1 mil with type 1 41 million Americans are pre diabetes 1 and 3 US children born in 2000 will develop diabetes if we continue at the rate we are going Lecture 1-29-08 NTR 311 METABOLIC SYNDROME ( if you have 3 or more of these you are at a high risk of diabetes) A waist greater than 40 inches in men and 35 inches for women Dyslipidemia A triglyceride (blood fat) level of 150 mg/dL or higher A “good” HDL cholesterol level of less than 40 mg/dL for men and less than 50 mg/dL for women Systolic ( the top number) blood pressure of 130 mm Hg or higher and diastolic (bottom number) of 85 mm HG or higher Fasting glucose level of 100 mg/dL or higher OGTT Oral glucose tolerance test- CARBS Intro Regulation of Blood Glucose Concentrations Diabetes Type 1 Type 2 Impaired glucose tolerance Metabolic syndrome Oral glucose tolerance test Structure and Terminology...
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