POLICING CONCEPTS What is policing? Police vs Policing -An activity undertaken by many different people and groups -A particular kind of social institution “A set of activities aimed at preserving the security of a particular social order, a social order in general” (Reiner 2010:5) Who undertakes official policing? -Professionals employed by the state -Tax investigators -Customs agents -Ticket and parking inspectors -Private security firms -PSO officers Key concepts and questions -Power – how we theorise power? How it works and how it works through policing? -Order – what is order? Whose definition of order are common? -Community – what sort of community is constructed by police? -Justice, accountability and human rights - Whose interests do police support?-Equality and discrimination – how does race, gender, age, sexuality and citizen status affect policing? -Representation and Culture – how are police represented? What implications do representations have for police? How does it shape expectations of police? -Governmentality – can policing produce social norms? -Society – what does policing tell us about the nature of society? Emergence and Development of Policing -Policing in Australia is modelled off the English model of policing. -In the early 19th century, British home secretary, Sir Robert Peel criticized the state of policing in London for its ineffective style of policing. -Sir Robert Peel proposed that Parliament implement a paid police force appointed from the public – this lead to the establishment of the London Metropolitan Police Act in 1829. -This legislation was recognised as creating the world’s first organised police force Key Peelian principle applicable in modern Australian policing? -Develop a structure of policing that would be accepted by the community based verymuch on the social contract; -Non-military, a-political and accountable(?); -High visibility – policing to be “direct, personal and primarily about crime prevention”(Corns 1988: 34); -Professional, paid, trained and disciplined (?);
-Important emergency and community service role; and -‘Civil policing’ – minimal use of force (?)What is community policing?