notes.docx - POLICING CONCEPTS What is policing Police vs Policing An activity undertaken by many different people and groups A particular kind of

notes.docx - POLICING CONCEPTS What is policing Police vs...

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POLICING CONCEPTS What is policing? Police vs Policing - An activity undertaken by many different people and groups - A particular kind of social institution “A set of activities aimed at preserving the security of a particular social order, a social order in general” (Reiner 2010:5) Who undertakes official policing? - Professionals employed by the state - Tax investigators - Customs agents - Ticket and parking inspectors - Private security firms - PSO officers Key concepts and questions - Power – how we theorise power? How it works and how it works through policing? - Order – what is order? Whose definition of order are common? - Community – what sort of community is constructed by police? - Justice, accountability and human rights - Whose interests do police support? - Equality and discrimination – how does race, gender, age, sexuality and citizen status affect policing? - Representation and Culture – how are police represented? What implications do representations have for police? How does it shape expectations of police? - Governmentality – can policing produce social norms? - Society – what does policing tell us about the nature of society? Emergence and Development of Policing - Policing in Australia is modelled off the English model of policing. - In the early 19th century, British home secretary, Sir Robert Peel criticized the state of policing in London for its ineffective style of policing. - Sir Robert Peel proposed that Parliament implement a paid police force appointed from the public – this lead to the establishment of the London Metropolitan Police Act in 1829. - This legislation was recognised as creating the world’s first organised police force Key Peelian principle applicable in modern Australian policing? - Develop a structure of policing that would be accepted by the community based very much on the social contract; - Non-military, a-political and accountable(?); - High visibility – policing to be “direct, personal and primarily about crime prevention” (Corns 1988: 34); - Professional, paid, trained and disciplined (?);
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-Important emergency and community service role; and -‘Civil policing’ – minimal use of force (?)What is community policing?
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