Chapter 3 - Perception Att ributions& Impressions We see...

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Unformatted text preview: Perception, Att ributions & Impressions We see i n others w hat we bel ieve Seeing isn’t bel ievi ng, bel ieving is seeing- San ta C lause Perception • The process of selecting, organizing, & interpreting information from our senses. o An event can have different effects on you than another • How strongly shapes how we will communicate toward them • Our perception of the others is a product of our own mental creation- hence, it is never objective and is frequently flawed o The story in your head o May be flawed from time to time Attributions • Your explanation for what caused another person to behave the way she/he did o Jumping to conclusions • Your explanation for what caused you to behave the way you did o Why did I do that? o A lot more polite than the attributions you make of others Two Types of Attributions • I nternal (Dispositional) o Behavior stems from internal causes, namely personality Road rage • External (Situational) o Behavior stems from external causes Does not matter what you say, they are not going to care. You made the mistake Attributional E r rors • The Fundamental Attribution Er ror o The tendency to attribute others’ behavior to internal rather than external causes Most common perceptual error Stems from salience of people in our perceptual field Especially common online • Sunglasses you put on Actor-Observer Effect • The tendency to make external attributions regarding our own behavior o As a result, we expect our behavior to be more situational variable then the behavior of others o Assumption of Consistency A combination between the fundamental attributional error & the actor-observer effect • I expect other people to stay consistent • Steve takes the job at MSU example o He did what he wanted...
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Chapter 3 - Perception Att ributions& Impressions We see...

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