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Chapter 3 - Perception Attributions Impressions We see in...

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Perception, Attributions & Impressions We see in others what we believe Seeing isn’t believing, believing is seeing- Santa Clause Perception The process of selecting, organizing, & interpreting information from our senses. o An event can have different effects on you than another How strongly shapes how we will communicate toward them Our perception of the others is a product of our own mental creation- hence, it is never objective and is frequently flawed o The story in your head o May be flawed from time to time Attributions Your explanation for what caused another person to behave the way she/he did o Jumping to conclusions Your explanation for what caused you to behave the way you did o Why did I do that? o A lot more polite than the attributions you make of others
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Two Types of Attributions Internal (Dispositional) o Behavior stems from internal causes, namely personality Road rage External (Situational) o Behavior stems from external causes Does not matter what you say, they are not going to care. You made the mistake Attributional Errors The Fundamental Attribution Error o The tendency to attribute others’ behavior to internal rather than external causes Most common perceptual error Stems from salience of people in our perceptual field Especially common online Sunglasses you put on Actor-Observer Effect The tendency to make external attributions regarding our own behavior o As a result, we expect our behavior to be more situational variable then the behavior of others o Assumption of Consistency A combination between the fundamental attributional error & the actor-observer effect
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I expect other people to stay consistent Steve takes the job at MSU example o He did what he wanted o
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