Human-Resources-Notes.docx - Class date Tues Jan 17th 2017...

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Class date: Tues. Jan. 17th2017. Chapter 3: Designing & Analyzing Jobs HR: Class 3 Fundamentals of Job Analysis Job:a group of related activities and duties, held by a single employee or a number of incumbentsPosition:the collection of tasks and responsibilities performed by one person Job analysis:the procedure for determining the tasks, duties, and responsibilities of each job, and the human attributes (in terms of knowledge, skills, and abilities) required to perform it. oJob analysis is outlined in job descriptions & job specificationsoInfo is used for:human resources planningrecruitment and selectionjob evaluation – wage & salary decisions (compensation)performance appraisallabour relations training, development, and career management restructuring Steps in Job Analysis1: Review Organizational Information Organizational structure:the formal relationships among jobs in an organization Organization chart:A “snapshot” of the firm, depicting the organization’s structure in chart form at a particular point in time Process chart:a diagram showing the flow of inputs to and outputs from the job under study Organization Structures:oBureaucratic:typical manufacturing organization Top-down management approach Many levels, and hierarchical communication channels and career pathsHighly specialized jobs with narrowly defined job descriptionsFocus on independent performanceoFlat:typical research and development organization DecentralizedFew levels, multidirectional communication Broadly defined jobs with general job descriptionEmphasis on teams & product development oMatrix Each job has 2 components: functional & product
Class date: Tues. Jan. 17th2017. 2. Select Jobs to Be Analyzed Job design:the process of systematically organization work into tasks that are required to perform a specific jobWork simplification: an approach to job design that involves assigning most of the administrative aspects of work (such as planning and organizing) to supervisors and managers, while giving lower-level employees narrowly defied tasks to perform according to methods established and specified by management Industrial engineering: a field of study concerned with analyzing work methods; making work cycles more efficient by modifying, combining, rearranging, or eliminating tasks; and establishing time standardsJob enlargement (horizontal loading): a technique to relieve monotony and boredom that involves assigning workers additional tasks at the same level of responsibility to increase the number of tasks they have to perform Job rotation: a technique to relieve monotony and employee boredom that involves systematically moving employees from one job to another Job enrichment (vertical loading): any effort that makes an employee’s job more rewarding or satisfying by adding more meaningful tasks and duties Ergonomics: an interdisciplinary approach that seeks to integrate and accommodate the

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