MUSC 171.docx - MUSC 171 Beat(pulse basic unit of musical...

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MUSC 171 Beat (pulse): basic unit of musical time -4 beats typically (big on 1st, mild on 3 rd ) Measure/bar: 1 unit of a repeated pattern Meter: two or + measures/bars of an accented pattern Top and bottom # Bottom: which duration gets the beat e.g. 4 (quarter note) Top: How many durations (4 quarter notes) Mixed Meter: combination of meters “Out of Time”: no clear meter Backbeat: accent on 2 nd and 4 th beat of a measure Down beat: first beat Duration Whole = 4 beats Half note = 2 beats Quarter note = 1 beat 8 th note -Straight 8ths (8) -Shuffle 8ths (written the same, but 1 st one is slightly longer) Conducting: down, across, away, up (4) Down, away, up (3) Duration: length of time we hear a sound Tempo: speed of music Syncopation: Placing stress (accents) on unaccented beats Class 2: Pitch & Dynamics 1)Pitch (tone): the highness or lowness of a sound Definite Pitch: one that has a tone Indefinite Pitch: no tone e.g. drum (x instead of circle in notation) 2) Timbre: quality (rough? Smooth?) Bass Line: lowest sound in music (can get thinner) 3) Dynamics: loudness or softness of a sound - Crescendo: getting louder < -Decrescendo: getting softer > Chord: combination of 3 or + pitches/tones at the same time Chord Progression: Keys: arrangement of pitches & chords
Modulation: change of key in same place (usually 1-2 per song) Hi-Hat: the symbols on a drum at the top Format of Song Verse Chorus – same music, same lyrics, (hook), title of song Bridge – shorter, not not the verse or chorus, connects different sections Intro: opening, usually instrument Fade/outro: tag or fade Solo Focus Prince – Little Red Corvette Analysis Intro: 8 measures long (4 counts, 8 times) … measure 5, bar 3, “shot (snare)” Verse: 16 measures (8, 8), second 8 measure, bass comes in and more drums (strong back beat starts) additive texture Chorus: 8 measures Viva La Vida – Coldplay Intro: 8 measures long 4 4 Syncopated rhythm Bridge: 8 measures Verse: 16 measures, bells, back beat Class 3: History Thomas Edison: development of first recording technology (tin foil cylinder 1877… was for office, recording voices etc.) Alexander Graham Bell: wax coated cylinder. Take knob on side & turn it Louis Glass: 1889, entertainment cylinder, early juke box -“Juke Joint”, disorderly -In 1940s was finally known as juke box Emile Berliner: first person to take round cylinder and lie it flat -Flat disk -Wax -Shellac Little Nipper dog photo, promoted by Victor Machine Company 1901. Important because now average homeowner notices… personalized & more friendly In 1910, started to be more recordings of music. White middle class noticed. (cylinder) -More male voices due to pitch, very few women were recorded LIVE MUSIC -Copyright -1909 US Copyright Act -1914, development of ASLAP (American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers) “performing rights”, ensured artists got royalties back for their performances Tin Pan Alley 1) Era 1890s-1950, strongest in 1920s-30s
2) Street block (area in New York City).

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