FInal Study Guide.docx - Sociology Final Study Guide People...

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Sociology Final Study Guide People Erving Goffman o North American (Canadian) Sociologist o Con-man approach to sociology; needing a certain look, behavior, knowledge to play a role o Status v. Role o Frontstage v. Backstage o Looking Glass o Cynical v. Sincere Robert Merton o American Sociologist o Played part in Functionalism, self-fulfilling prophecies, and role models o Theory of deviant behavior based on different types of social adaptation Robert Michels o Sociologist o Iron Law of Oligarchy o Wrote on political behavior of intellectual elites and contributed to elite theory. Ivan Illich o Austrian philosopher, Roman Catholic priest W.I. Thomas o American sociologist & Social psychologist o Cultural change, personality development, methodology o Sociology of migration, the Thomas theorem The interpretation of a situation causes the action. Dorothy Thomas o Also apart of Thomas theorem, co-authored literature on it with W.I. Thomas o Major part of the field of demography in sociology Phillip Zimbardo o “Broken Windows” test, Stanford Prison Experiment Samuel Cartwright o Drapetomania, Dyesthesia Aethiopes o Disciple of Benjamin Rush (founder of American revolution, labeled political opponents with mental illness to get ahead.) Concepts Status o Describes the position a person occupies in a particular setting. We all occupy several statuses and play the roles that may be associated with them.
o A role is the set of norms, values, behaviors, and personality characteristics attached to a status Role o A comprehensive pattern of behavior that is socially recognized, providing a means of identifying and placing an individual in a society.

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