Chapter_2 - CHAPTER 2: Clues to Personality: The Basic...

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CHAPTER 2: Clues to Personality: The Basic Sources of Data MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. According to the textbook, there are no perfect ________ of personality, only ________. a. measures; devices b. indicators; clues c. theories; hypotheses d. reliable measures; valid measures ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: Page: 21 2. We need to collect clues about personality because a. personality is revealed through perfect indicators of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. b. personality tests are unethical. c. personality is something hidden that resides inside an individual. d. S data are not always available. ANS: C PTS: 1 REF: Page: 22 TOP: Data Are Clues 4. Because each kind of data has limitations, personality psychologists should a. not bother collecting data. b. gather as much data as possible. c. only use L data, which are the most reliable. d. use only one source of data and control for its limitations. ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: Page: 22 TOP: Data Are Clues 5. In order to examine the relationship between early life experiences and adult criminality, Dr. Robbins asks his research participants to fill out questionnaires describing their early life. He then obtains copies of their arrest records from the county courthouse. The questionnaires used in Dr. Robbins’s study would be ________ data whereas the arrest records would be ________ data. a. L; B b. S; I c. S; L d. B; L ANS: C PTS: 1 REF: Page: 24 TOP: Four Kinds of Clues 6. While completing the NEO Personality Inventory, you answer True to the item “I consider myself a nervous person.” Your response to this item would be an example of ________ data. a. L b. I c. S d. B ANS: C PTS: 1 REF: Page: 24 7. What is the best way for a researcher to judge the face validity of items on a measure? a. conduct an exploratory factor analysis on the items
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b. conduct a confirmatory factor analysis on the items c. conduct an internal consistency analysis on the items d. read the content of the items ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: Page: 24 9. To assess the personality traits of a group of 5-year-olds, researchers use a puppet inventory in which children pick the puppet that best matches their personality. This is an example of ________ data. a. B b. I c. L d. S ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: Page: 25 10. ________ data are the most frequently used basis for personality assessment. a. B b. L c. S d. I ANS: C PTS: 1 REF: Page: 25 11. To obtain S data, a psychologist must a. look up information in public records. b. recruit informants. c. observe the subject directly. d. develop a questionnaire. ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: Page: 25 12. A major advantage of S data is that a. only a trained personality psychologist can interpret S data. b. the best information about personality is obtainable from real-life social outcomes. c.
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course PSY 236 taught by Professor Settles during the Spring '07 term at Michigan State University.

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Chapter_2 - CHAPTER 2: Clues to Personality: The Basic...

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