Section 1 Colonization and Revolution

Section 1 Colonization and Revolution - US HISTORY PRE 1877...

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US HISTORY PRE 1877 NOTES ID: ORBIS TERRARUM - Roughly means island of the world - European idea of what the world was in the 15 th century - The Europeans knew about north Africa, china, and india but thought that the rest of the world was probably water - The idea of orbis terrarum was a combination of the science of the time and an inserperable bond from Christianity ID: Christoper Columbus - Was one of the most advanced scientists at this time and devotely dedicated to Christianity - His second set of beliefs although did not completely accept the idea of Orbis Terrarum - Folklore stories gave the idea of civilizations to the west - World of Atlantis Greek paradise Destroyed by the gods for their sins - Columbus had an Arab account of the size of the world - He didn’t und erstand how the Arabs m e a sured although Their nautical miles were one third larger than Europe an n autical miles - Columbus set sail west in 1492 - He found land west which was probably m od ern d ay Baha m as - He found a simple single society not rich in gold or high class society - After this Columbus set sail on a second trip This tim e he sailed too far south m ost likely e nding up in m od ern day Cuba At first he thought h e found a large m a ss of land but later finds out its a n island and not the southe ast ern coast of asia
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Eventually he leaves some colonists takes slaves from the island but finds n   gold - In 1488 the Portuguese reached the southern tip of Africa and hit the Indian Oceans - Columbus sets out on another voyage this time hitting what would have been modern   Panama Columbus now starts to believe there may be things outside the realm of th   Orbis Terrarum - Amerigo Vespucci the leading Portuguese explorer reports a large body of land   challenging the validity of the Orbis Terrarum - In 1507 a monk puts all voyages to this point in time together and says there is in fac   something outside the Orbis Terrarum and the name of this new land is America after   Amerigo Vespucci ID: Utopia written by Thomas Moore - Essentially outlining the perfect society - In the new world anything is possible - First accounts of the new world America - Ultimately is the destruction of the Orbis Terrarum - Conflict between Christianity and islam  Christians from spain have conquered middle east and expels jews and   muslims ID: Prince Henry the Navigator - Establishes a scientific research center - Sends explorations down and around the coast of Africa - Starts setting up trading posts in Africa - This begins the African slave trade - Side mission is searching for the African Nation called Prestor John which is actually   made up Prestor John is said to be a Christian Nation Supposivley wealthy 
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Looking for a powerful ally in Africa -
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