Personality Puzzle Chapter 9 Review Questions

Personality Puzzle Chapter 9 Review Questions - CHAPTER 9:...

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CHAPTER 9: The Inheritance of Personality: Behavioral Genetics and Evolutionary Theory MULTIPLE CHOICE The approach that attempts to explain how individual differences in behavior (i.e., personality traits) are shared by biological relatives is called ________. a. evolutionary biology b. behavioral genetics c. heritability science d. behavioral Darwinism ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: Page: 266 The approach that attempts to explain how patterns of behavior characteristic of the entire human species originated because of the survival value they had for our ancestors is called ________. a. evolutionary psychology b. behavioral genetics c. heritability science d. behavioral Darwinism ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: Pages: 266–267 TOP: The Inheritance of Personality The notion that humans could be improved through selective breeding is called ________. a. eugenics b. cloning c. behavioral Darwinism d. heritability ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: Page: 268 TOP: The Inheritance of Personality The ________ refers to the underlying genetic structure that leads to the observable ________. a. phenotype; genogram b. genotype; phenotype c. phenotype; genotype d. genetic map; genetic architecture ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: Page: 269 TOP: Calculating Heritabilities Monozygotic twins share ________ percent of the genes that vary across individuals and dizygotic twins share, on average, ________ percent of the genes that vary across individuals. a. 50; 25 b. 90; 10 c. 50; 100 d. 100; 50 ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: Page: 269 TOP: Calculating Heritabilities If a trait is influenced by genes, then it ought to be more highly correlated across pairs of ________ than across pairs of ________. a. genetic siblings; fraternal twins b. fraternal twins; identical twins c. identical twins; fraternal twins d. adoptive siblings; genetic siblings ANS: C PTS: 1 REF: Page: 270 TOP: Calculating Heritabilities If the correlation between the shyness of a sample of dizygotic twin pairs is .25 and the correlation between the shyness of a sample of monozygotic twin pairs is .50, then the heritability coefficient for shyness is ________. a. .25 b. .75 c. .125 d. .50 ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: Page: 270 TOP: Calculating Heritabilities
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What is the correct formula for calculating heritability? a. 2(r mz – r dz ) b. 2 – (r mz – r dz ) c. 2 + (r mz – r dz ) d. 2(r dz – r mz ) ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: Page: 270 TOP: Calculating Heritabilities According to estimates based on twin studies, the average heritability coefficient of many traits of personality is about ________. a. .20 b. .40 c. .80 d. 1.0 ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: Page: 270 TOP: Calculating Heritabilities Heritability statistics ________. a. indicate whether genetic factors play some role in shaping individual differences b. can provide clues into the etiology of certain conditions such as mental retardation c. indicate whether or not environmental factors play some role in shaping individual differences d. All of the above. ANS:
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Personality Puzzle Chapter 9 Review Questions - CHAPTER 9:...

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