Psych 170 – Final Exam Gender Ambiguity For a transgender child are negative or positive psychological effects more likely when parents try and force them to behave as the gender that matches their biological sex? For a transgender child, it would have psychologically negative effects if parents were to try to force them to behave in the gender that matches their biological sex. Forcing anyone to behave in a manner that they are not comfortable with will cause harmful effects, especially for children, who are still growing and learning about society. It has been shown that there is a link between support from family and friends, especially transgender kids, and depression – kids who feel support from their family will be more comfortable expressing their true selves. They won’t have to feel the need to hide. It has been shown that transgendered kids, who did not receive support from parents, have attempted suicide before the age of 18. How might Christine Jorgenson complicate the view that America has only ever stigmatized transgender individuals, or a view that transgender is a new concept that only modern Americans know about? Christine Jorgen son was the very first publicly out transgender woman in the US. Christine wanted to be a star, and so she sent pictures of a before and after of her surgery to every news outlet and on the day of her return to US, she was met with many reporters who treated her with respect, using proper pronouns and even praising her for her decision. Instead of asking personal questions, as we would see in today’s interviews, they asked “normal” questions for any star. During her first year after coming out, she was the most talked about in news stories and on television. The public knew about her surgery and looked at her beauty. In her interviews, she talked about identity and educated the people about the surgery. Talking about the surgeries, she revealed that her testicles were removed and that she got a vulva, which the public thought could be reproductive. Reproducing would not be possible without testes/ovaries, both of which cannot be created. Only after realizing that transgender individuals cannot reproduce, they were shamed and viewed negatively on. What does it mean when someone is intersex, and what are two common intersex variations? The term intersex is used to describe individuals who are difficult to assign gender at birth due to chromosomal disorders, hormonal disorders, and undifferentiated disorder (origin unknown). The two common intersex variations are true hermaphroditism – it is usually genetic females with one testes and one ovary, “ovotestes.” These individuals appear as men at birth but when puberty hits, they will develop breasts and being to menstruate and pseudo-hermaphroditism, or “the inter-sexed,” which are often genetically male or female with a proper set of gonads, testes or ovaries, but whose external genitalia is ambiguous or of the other sex. The term intersex has replaced the term hermaphroditism because intersex implies somewhere between the two rather than having both characteristics.
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- Spring '14