APUSH - 1 Describe the men who attended the Constitutional Convention Fifty five men gathered for the Constitutional Convention and a lot of them

APUSH - 1 Describe the men who attended the...

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Unformatted text preview: 1)​ ​Describe​ ​the​ ​men​ ​who​ ​attended​ ​the​ ​Constitutional​ ​Convention? ● Fifty​ ​five​ ​men​ ​gathered​ ​for​ ​the​ ​Constitutional​ ​Convention​ ​and​ ​a​ ​lot​ ​of​ ​them​ ​were​ ​names​ ​that​ ​were highly​ ​active​ ​during​ ​the​ ​Revolution.​ ​Almost​ ​half​ ​of​ ​the​ ​men​ ​had​ ​served​ ​in​ ​the​ ​army​ ​during​ ​the war.​ ​All​ ​of​ ​them​ ​were​ ​coming​ ​from​ ​rich​ ​families​ ​except​ ​for​ ​Alexander​ ​Hamilton,​ ​so​ ​naturally most​ ​of​ ​them​ ​were​ ​able​ ​to​ ​afford​ ​to​ ​go​ ​to​ ​college.​ ​Their​ ​life​ ​standards​ ​were​ ​pretty​ ​prosperous, shared​ ​status​ ​and​ ​political​ ​experiences. 2)​ ​What​ ​were​ ​some​ ​of​ ​the​ ​points​ ​that​ ​the​ ​founders​ ​agreed​ ​on​ ​for​ ​the​ ​new​ ​structure​ ​of​ ​government? ● They​ ​all​ ​agreed​ ​that​ ​national​ ​authority​ ​has​ ​to​ ​be​ ​strengthened​ ​in​ ​order​ ​to​ ​keep​ ​America​ ​from falling​ ​apart.​ ​They​ ​also​ ​agreed​ ​that​ ​too​ ​much​ ​democracy​ ​can​ ​make​ ​the​ ​nation​ ​indecisive​ ​and​ ​lead to​ ​frequent​ ​conflict​ ​between​ ​people.​ ​The​ ​Constitution​ ​would​ ​create​ ​a​ ​legislature,​ ​and​ ​executive, and​ ​a​ ​national​ ​judiciary.​ ​Congress​ ​would​ ​gain​ ​the​ ​power​ ​to​ ​raise​ ​money,​ ​and​ ​the​ ​government would​ ​represent​ ​the​ ​people.​ ​They​ ​knew​ ​that​ ​going​ ​from​ ​one​ ​extreme​ ​to​ ​the​ ​other​ ​would​ ​cause problems​ ​with​ ​adaptation​ ​and​ ​stability. 3)​ ​Describe​ ​the​ ​NJ​ ​plan​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Virginia​ ​Plan​ ​and​ ​how​ ​they​ ​reflected​ ​the​ ​interests​ ​of​ ​small​ ​vs​ ​large​ ​states. ● James​ ​Madison​ ​presented​ ​the​ ​Virginia​ ​Plan,​ ​which​ ​called​ ​for​ ​the​ ​creation​ ​of​ ​a​ ​two-house legislature​ ​with​ ​a​ ​state’s​ ​population​ ​determining​ ​its​ ​representation​ ​in​ ​each.​ ​This​ ​plan​ ​reflected​ ​the interests​ ​of​ ​large​ ​states,​ ​that’s​ ​why​ ​the​ ​smaller​ ​states​ ​created​ ​the​ ​New​ ​Jersey​ ​Plan​ ​fearing​ ​that large​ ​states​ ​would​ ​dominate​ ​the​ ​government.​ ​The​ ​New​ ​Jersey​ ​Plan​ ​called​ ​for​ ​a​ ​single-house Congress​ ​in​ ​which​ ​each​ ​state​ ​could​ ​cast​ ​one​ ​vote.​ ​Larger​ ​states​ ​such​ ​as​ ​Virginia,​ ​Massachusetts, and​ ​Pennsylvania​ ​were​ ​for​ ​the​ ​Virginia​ ​Plan​ ​because​ ​of​ ​their​ ​large​ ​population,​ ​which​ ​meant​ ​they would​ ​get​ ​the​ ​most​ ​representation​ ​(especially​ ​states​ ​with​ ​many​ ​slaves.)​ ​But​ ​this​ ​wasn’t​ ​fair​ ​for smaller​ ​states​ ​so​ ​a​ ​compromise​ ​was​ ​reached​ ​eventually. 4)​ ​What​ ​was​ ​the​ ​Great​ ​compromise​ ​that​ ​resulted​ ​for​ ​the​ ​presentation​ ​of​ ​those​ ​two​ ​plans?​ ​(It​ ​is​ ​in​ ​that paragraph​ ​but​ ​was​ ​not​ ​labeled​ ​"Great​ ​compromise." ● The​ ​states​ ​decided​ ​to​ ​create​ ​a​ ​two-house​ ​Congress​ ​consisting​ ​of​ ​a​ ​Senate-​ ​in​ ​which​ ​each​ ​state only​ ​had​ ​2​ ​members-​ ​and​ ​a​ ​House​ ​of​ ​Representatives-​ ​in​ ​which​ ​members​ ​were​ ​apportioned according​ ​to​ ​each​ ​states’​ ​population.​ ​Senator​ ​would​ ​be​ ​selected​ ​by​ ​state​ ​legislatures​ ​to​ ​serve​ ​for​ ​6 years,​ ​and​ ​Representatives​ ​were​ ​selected​ ​by​ ​the​ ​people​ ​to​ ​serve​ ​for​ ​2​ ​years. 5)​ ​In​ ​what​ ​ways​ ​did​ ​the​ ​founders​ ​attempt​ ​to​ ​actually​ ​limit​ ​democracy​ ​at​ ​times?​ ​Why? ● In​ ​order​ ​to​ ​avoid​ ​popular​ ​enthusiasm​ ​people​ ​would​ ​only​ ​pick​ ​new​ ​staff​ ​to​ ​the​ ​government​ ​from the​ ​elites.​ ​The​ ​House​ ​of​ ​Representatives​ ​was​ ​kept​ ​small​ ​on​ ​the​ ​assumption​ ​that​ ​only​ ​certain individuals​ ​would​ ​be​ ​able​ ​to​ ​win​ ​elections.​ ​The​ ​federal​ ​judges​ ​and​ ​the​ ​president​ ​were​ ​not​ ​chosen through​ ​direct​ ​election,​ ​but​ ​rather​ ​through​ ​the​ ​Supreme​ ​Court,​ ​members​ ​of​ ​an​ ​electoral​ ​college,​ ​or the​ ​House​ ​of​ ​Representatives. 6)​ ​Define​ ​Federalism ● Federalism​ ​refers​ ​to​ ​the​ ​relationship​ ​between​ ​the​ ​national​ ​government​ ​[central]​ ​and​ ​the​ ​states. Federalists​ ​believe​ ​that​ ​the​ ​central​ ​government​ ​should​ ​hold​ ​more​ ​power​ ​than​ ​the​ ​states governments. 7)​ ​Define​ ​Separation​ ​of​ ​powers​ ​and​ ​checks​ ​and​ ​balances-​ ​provide​ ​examples ● The​ ​Constitution​ ​divided​ ​power​ ​between​ ​the​ ​Judicial,​ ​Executive,​ ​and​ ​Legislative​ ​Branches.​ ​This way​ ​no​ ​one​ ​branch​ ​can​ ​dominate​ ​over​ ​the​ ​other​ ​two.​ ​For​ ​example,​ ​while​ ​the​ ​Congress​ ​can​ ​enact laws-​ ​the​ ​president​ ​can​ ​veto​ ​them.​ ​Or​ ​the​ ​president​ ​can​ ​be​ ​impeached​ ​and​ ​removed​ ​from​ ​office​ ​by the​ ​House​ ​of​ ​Representatives​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Senate.​ ​The​ ​federal​ ​judges​ ​are​ ​nominated​ ​by​ ​the​ ​President, but​ ​can​ ​only​ ​hold​ ​office​ ​if​ ​they​ ​are​ ​approved​ ​by​ ​the​ ​Congress. 8)​ ​Describe​ ​the​ ​debates​ ​over​ ​slavery​ ​and​ ​the​ ​regulation​ ​of​ ​commerce​ ​(including​ ​slave​ ​trade). ● Even​ ​though​ ​the​ ​words​ ​‘slaves’​ ​and​ ​‘slavery’​ ​weren’t​ ​written​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Constitution​ ​because​ ​it​ ​would ruin​ ​the​ ​idea​ ​of​ ​the​ ​American​ ​liberty,​ ​it​ ​was​ ​a​ ​big​ ​topic​ ​of​ ​discussion​ ​while​ ​writing​ ​it.​ ​Some​ ​states had​ ​already​ ​abolished​ ​slavery,​ ​so​ ​the​ ​Southerners​ ​had​ ​to​ ​fight​ ​for​ ​their​ ​“slaveholding​ ​rights.” They​ ​wanted​ ​to​ ​limit​ ​the​ ​Congress’​ ​power,​ ​fearing​ ​it​ ​might​ ​tax​ ​them​ ​for​ ​slave​ ​property.​ ​They threatened​ ​that​ ​they​ ​would​ ​separate​ ​from​ ​the​ ​union​ ​if​ ​slave​ ​trade​ ​was​ ​disrupted. 9)​ ​What​ ​were​ ​the​ ​compromises​ ​made​ ​regarding​ ​slavery​ ​including​ ​the​ ​3/5th​ ​compromise? ● As​ ​ideas​ ​of​ ​abolishment​ ​were​ ​becoming​ ​more​ ​and​ ​more​ ​widespread,​ ​ ​delegates​ ​had​ ​to​ ​choose between​ ​offending​ ​the​ ​Southern​ ​states​ ​or​ ​doing​ ​injustice​ ​to​ ​human​ ​nature.​ ​They​ ​chose​ ​the​ ​latter​ ​in the​ ​efforts​ ​of​ ​protecting​ ​the​ ​union​ ​and​ ​creating​ ​a​ ​more​ ​stable​ ​society​ ​after​ ​their​ ​recent independence.​ ​All​ ​states​ ​agreed​ ​to​ ​return​ ​runaway​ ​slaves,​ ​and​ ​the​ ​national​ ​government​ ​could​ ​not interfere​ ​with​ ​slavery​ ​in​ ​the​ ​states.​ ​During​ ​the​ ​creating​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Congress,​ ​the​ ​Southerner​ ​wants​ ​to count​ ​the​ ​slaves​ ​towards​ ​their​ ​population​ ​but​ ​the​ ​Northern​ ​states​ ​were​ ​highly​ ​against​ ​it.​ ​So​ ​they reached​ ​a​ ​compromise​ ​of​ ​counting​ ​a​ ​slave​ ​3/5​ ​of​ ​a​ ​person. ...
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