HIST 1015 Study Guide for Exam 2

HIST 1015 Study Guide for Exam 2 - Mid-term Review 2 Walker...

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Mid-term Review 2 Walker vs. Jennison - Walker was a black slave and he sued his white owner Jennison for his freedom claiming the Constitution and its clause “all men are created equal.” He won and Jennison kept him, Walker sued again and won. It started an anti-slavery movement in the North (NE and MA) while calling to mind the legitimacy of slavery. Began many legal battles about the constitution and its interpretation as well. Northwest Ordinance- Based on the continental government and led by Virginia; Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin were opened up to all Americans and not Indians. People were allowed to buy land from the government; it was a way of raising funds for the government. It also stated that when enough people move into the land, they could form a government and organize as a state and elect representatives. It also stated no slavery north of the Ohio River. Further damaged American and Indian relations. The Great Compromise- An attempt to level the power of large states and of small states. The lower house of reps was elected by the people and it controlled the finances. The upper house was the senate and had 2 reps from each state. It was determined by state legislation and controlled war and diplomacy. The president was elected by the Electoral College. The president was the man with the most votes and the vice president was the man with the second most votes. The Supreme Court was appointed by the president. The importance is the balance of power, the creation of checks and balances. It also represents a Lockean form of government that fears too powerful of a body of government. Anti-Federalists- 1 st opposition party (traditional Locke followers), older revolutionaries, and radicals for independence that feared too strong a central government. They were unhappy with the great compromise bc the pres and senate were too powerful. They staged opposition in every state and won in some of the states. This is representative of battles between the new and the old (Sam Adams vs. John Adams) Bill of Rights- 1 st ten amendments, controlled federal power, incorporates Lockean concepts and the Anglo American Tradition (freedom of speech, trial by jury, etc.). Amendments directly touch on what we fought Britain for. Ratifies the traditional fear of central power and makes rights Britain denied us guaranteed. Order of Cincinnati- These were the men that followed George Washington, officers of the continental line, upper class males. They handed down their membership from father to son, maintained views of Locke. Many Americans feared this would create an American aristocracy. People also feared GW would be president for life. Report on Public Credit - Alexander Hamilton’s plan to fix American economic problems. Pay the debt off to build a reputation in finance world (12 mil abroad and 40
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mil local). It was necessary for the federal government to assume state debt (take charge of all debt). The Debt will be funded (profits at the end of every year would be used to pay some off).
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