Late Qing Lecture.docx - Qing Responses not passive...

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Qing Responses: not passive compared to the active West end of Qing’s imperial system 1860 Qing empire near collapse 1816 Xianfeng Emperor: weak, cowering from fear after the Looting of the Summer Palace domestic turmoil and rebellion environmental crisis, agricultural pressure 5 year old successor as emperor named after emperor dies Empress Dowager Cixi is very powerful, conservative, gendered aversion, dragon lady, long stereotypes of women in power, picture of West weak and her in the center, white women surrounding her leading coalition of people led by Cixi, leaders of Taiping Rebellion under his rule: Tongzhi Emperor (1862-1874) we see a restoration Zongli Yamen establish a whole new government bureaucracy Prince Gong created a translation bureau to help animate the West Self Strengthening Movement preserve traditional values of ethics and adopt modes of Western science and technology is secong and subordinate learning Substance versus Function “Yong” maintain clear separation grew difficult and corrupted train new technicians and managers Confucian tutor trained in the classics even though Western imperialism was strong from new industries textile mills, factories of all sorts, iron and coal production

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