StudyGuideoverHumanitiesIIbook.pdf - 1 Maps 2...

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Humanists­ an intellectual movement in renaissance italy based on the study of the greek and roman classics. 1. Maps 2. An important question concerning the Renaissance was, “were the 14th and 15th centuries a continuation of the Middle Ages or the beginning of a new era?” a. It was a beginning of a new era because the renaissance means “rebirth” and all these people and economies started to strive again. Europeans were recovering from the Black Death, revival of ancient literature works, paintings, and teachings. 3. The term Renaissance means rebirth, or rediscovery, what was reborn or rediscovered? a. Rediscovering old paintings, philosophy, books, and teaching that were long lost to the Europeans for many centuries. It may not have been necessarily lost forever, but they didn’t know where it was. 4. Who was Jacob Burckhardt and why is he significant in the Renaissance? a. He was a famous historian who wrote the “Age of Constantine”, created the modern concept of the renaissance. Constantine was the first roman emperor who was a christian and he gave all the nonreligious or secular power to the Church. 5. What is meant by the term l'uomo universale and why is the term important to the Renaissance? a. Jack of all trades, leonardo de vinci who was good at everything. It set a standard for the upper class. scholar, athlete, musician. 6. Why did the Renaissance have its origins in Italy? a. A lot of trade ports/cities, trade, wealth, physical evidence of greco/roman past. Ex. Coliseum. Influence of the Byzantine Empire (eastern roman empire). Constantine: home of the greek Orthodox Church aka 2nd Great Church. 7. Why was the Renaissance largely an urban phenomenon? a. It would be too small in rural areas. The cities contain all the wealth. 8. Why was the revival of international trade and banking important to the Renaissance?
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