Psych Quiz Bank.pdf - QUIZ 1 Question 1 Question 1 1 1 point What is the difference between an evolutionary psychologist and a developmental

Psych Quiz Bank.pdf - QUIZ 1 Question 1 Question 1 1 1...

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Unformatted text preview: QUIZ 1 Question 1 Question 1 1 / 1 point What is the difference between an evolutionary psychologist and a developmental psychologist? Evolutionary psychologists study populations that lived millions of years ago while developmental psychologists look at the generations currently living. Evolutionary psychologists study behaviour as an individual changes from a parent to B) a grandparent while developmental psychologists study newborns. Evolutionary psychologists study changes in behaviour over many generations while C) developmental psychologists study changes in behaviour over a lifetime. Evolutionary psychologists study how genetics and environment affect behaviour D) while developmental psychologists only study the effects of the environment. A) View Feedback Question 2 1 / 1 point Which of the following would best explain why an evolutionary psychologist believes depression exists in a population? A) Symptoms of depression become much less severe with age. Individuals being treated with medication are able to manage the disorder and function the same as non-depressed individuals. Undergoing cognitive behavioural therapy results in decreased alienation from your C) closest friends and relatives. B) D) Increased peer support leads to increased survival. View Feedback Question 3 0 / 1 point Every time Mike asks his supervisor Dave for a break, Mike gets yelled at and is given more work. Even after a nicer supervisor Jen, is hired in addition to Dave, Mike still asks Dave to go on break as he expects to get yelled at anyways. What is this phenomenon known as? A) Depression B) Habituation C) Classical conditioning D) Learned helplessness View Feedback Question 4 1 / 1 point Denys is writing a review paper on the topic of bullying. His focus is on variations in hypothalamicpituitary-adrenal axis activity among bullied and non-bullied children throughout their time in high school. What two perspectives does Denys use to address this issue? A) Developmental and neuroscience B) Social and Learning C) Neuroscience and evolution D) Learning and developmental View Feedback Question 5 0 / 1 point What type of question would a learning researcher most likely ask regarding a baby’s first words? A) Does positive reinforcement help a baby learn new words faster? B) What areas of the brain must be developed for a baby to say its first words? C) Is the age at which parents learn their first words associated with when a baby learns its first words? D) What environmental factors contribute to when a baby learns its first words? View Feedback Question 2 Question 6 1 / 1 point As a drug addict, John relies heavily on cocaine to relieve his anxiety.According to the textbook, how would Freud and Watson approach John’s drug addiction? A) Freud: John’s unconscious is fighting a struggle of identity and he uses cocaine to suppress this conflict from reaching his consciousness. Watson: John’s behaviour is a result of poor decision-making. Freud: John’saddiction is due to his early exposure to behavioursreinforced by his addicted father. B) Watson: His behaviour is a result of an environment that reinforces his addictive behaviours. Freud: John’s unconscious is fighting a struggle of identity and he uses cocaine to suppress this conflict from reaching consciousness C) D) Watson: John’s behaviour is a result of an environment that reinforces his addictive behaviours. Freud: John’s addiction is due to his early exposure to behaviours reinforced by his addicted father. Watson: His behaviour is a result of poor decision-making. View Feedback Question 7 0 / 1 point Every time you hear a loud sound, there is a burst of electrical activity in a specific region of the brain, known as the primary auditory cortex. What is this association an example of? A) Principle of totality B) Principle of psychometric connections Principle of psychophysical isomorphism C) D) Principle of psychoanalysis View Feedback Question 8 0 / 1 point Which of the following is true of the target study entitled: EEG Evidence for Mirror Neuron Dysfunction in Autism Spectrum Disorders by Oberman et al (2005)? Individuals with autism are missing the mirror neuron network that healthy controls have. The results of the study were better explained by the psychological level of analysis B) than the environmental level of analysis. A) C) Mirror neuron activity was studied using an fMRI. D) The results of the study could be explained by all levels of analysis. View Feedback Question 9 0 / 1 point According to your textbook, which of the following statements are true regarding structuralism? A) Structuralism studied mental processes primarily through internal self-reflection. B) Structuralism was developed by Wilhelm Wundt. C) Structuralism’s main focus is to explain why we have conscious thought. D) View Feedback Question 10 Structuralism sought to understand the bigger picture of visual, auditory and touch sensations rather than its basic component parts. 1 / 1 point Informed Consent Form 2011-2012 Academic Year: Principal Investigator: Dr. Joseph Kim If you answer the following question, you will receive one mark regardless of your answer. We are interested in using data collected from this quiz to assess test questions as effective evaluation tools as part of ongoing research conducted by Matthew Pachai on behalf of Dr. Joseph Kim from the Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, and Behaviour. In this study, your responses to the questions and your demographic information will be kept confidential. Your participation in this study is voluntary and you may terminate the study at any time without penalty. Please note that all data will only been seen by the research coordinator (Matthew Pachai) and Dr. Kim will not be told who participated or see anything other than aggregate data. If you have questions any time about the study or the procedures, please contact Matthew Pachai,[email protected] This study has been reviewed and approved by the McMaster Research Ethics Board. By answering yes: I have read and understand the above information, and agree to participate in this study. I understand that I may withdraw from the study at any time, if I choose to do so. A) YE S B) NO Question 1 1 / 1 point Which of the following scenarios is the best demonstration of how habituation would be used in psychological methodology? A mouse receives a small shock when he presses a lever in his cage. If, over time, the A) frequency with which he presses this lever increases, it can be inferred that the mouse has learned to press the lever. Mary shows a boy a picture of a smiling face until he gradually gains interest and then B) shows him a picture of a frowning face. If he shows no interest in the frowning face, Mary can infer that he is able to discriminate between the two facial expressions. A mouse receives a small shock when he presses a lever in his cage. If, over time, the C) frequency with which he presses this lever decreases, it can be inferred that the mouse has learned to not press the lever. Mary shows a boy a picture of a smiling face until he gradually loses interest and then D) shows him a picture of a frowning face. If he shows renewed interest in the frowning face, Mary can infer that he is able to discriminate between the two facial expressions. View Feedback Question 2 1 / 1 point Cesar Millan’s bold whisper, “Give me a dozen healthy puppies and my own specified world to bring them up in and I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select – a police dog, a seeing-eye dog, a circus dog, and yes, even a water-skiing dog, regardless of his talents, tendencies, abilities, or breed!” most closely resembles the principles of: A) Behaviourism B) Humanism C) Psychophysical isomorphism D) Educational psychology View Feedback Question 3 0 / 1 point What type of psychologist would most likely study the adaptive significance of generational differences in the birth weight of infants? A) Socio-cultural B) Biological C) Evolutionary D) Developmental View Feedback Question 4 1 / 1 point Which of the following is the best reason for using fMRI scans over CT scans? A) If researchers need to use a procedure that their patient is more comfortable with. If researchers are attempting to detect an abnormality in the structure of certain brain areas. If researchers are attempting to detect an abnormality in activation of certain brain C) areas. If researchers are attempting to determine how an injury to the brain occurred. D) B) View Feedback Question 5 1 / 1 point Which is a similarity between developmental and evolutionary psychologists? A) Both investigate how behaviours are affected by reproductive pressure. B) Both investigate how the structure of the brain is related to behaviour. C) Both investigate how cognitive processes develop over time. D) Both investigate how behaviours change over time. View Feedback Question 2 Question 6 0 / 1 point Which of the following would be a criticism of the behavioural approach to psychology by a humanist psychologist? Psychological studies performed by behaviourists using animal subjects as models are irrelevant to understanding human thoughts and behaviour. It is not clear to behaviourists that any behaviour could be explained entirely as the B) result of some observable input from the environment. A) C) Behaviourists focussed on what conscious thoughts were for, rather than of what they were made. D) Behaviourists rely too heavily on unverifiable measures. View Feedback Question 7 1 / 1 point Which of the following statements would a behaviourist most likely make? A) Mannerisms are heritable behaviours that are passed down by our parents. An individual whose mother was an alcoholic will also become an alcoholic, even if they never met. The human conscience is what prevents individuals from engaging in criminal C) activity. B) D) A child who was adopted by doctors is more likely to become a doctor. View Feedback Question 8 1 / 1 point Which of the following is the best example of applied research? A study to determine whether or not 2-month-old infants are able to discriminate facial expressions. A study to determine which brain regions are larger in females as compared to B) males. A study to determine which areas of the brain are responsive to pleasant versus C) unpleasant musical sounds. A study to determine whether or not medical school students learn more effectively D) through problem-based exercises. A) View Feedback Question 9 0 / 1 point Which of the following is an example of psychometrics, as it applies to sports psychology? Lisa is administered a personality test to determine whether she should play forward or defense in the upcoming hockey season. John is instructed to perform relaxation techniques while swinging a bat to overcome B) his anxiety on the baseball field. Jen, a professional golf player, has enrolled as a subject in a mental rotation C) experiment designed to improve her putting. Following a serious injury while playing football, James has been ordered to take a D) depression screening test as a result of his emotional changes while unable to play during recovery. A) View Feedback 1 / 1 point Question 10 Informed Consent Form 2011-2012 Academic Year: Principal Investigator: Dr. Joseph Kim If you answer the following question, you will receive one mark regardless of your answer. We are interested in using data collected from this quiz to assess test questions as effective evaluation tools as part of ongoing research conducted by Matthew Pachai on behalf of Dr. Joseph Kim from the Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, and Behaviour. In this study, your responses to the questions and your demographic information will be kept confidential. Your participation in this study is voluntary and you may terminate the study at any time without penalty. Please note that all data will only been seen by the research coordinator (Matthew Pachai) and Dr. Kim will not be told who participated or see anything other than aggregate data. If you have questions any time about the study or the procedures, please contact Matthew Pachai,[email protected] This study has been reviewed and approved by the McMaster Research Ethics Board. By answering yes: I have read and understand the above information, and agree to participate in this study. I understand that I may withdraw from the study at any time, if I choose to do so. A) YES B) NO QUIZ 2 1 / 1 point Question 1 Which of the following is the best example of limited sampling in an experiment investigating the relationship between stress and attention span? A) Young or middle-aged individuals who have one or more young children. B) Office and factory workers from several companies working various daytime and nighttime shifts. C) Full-time undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory psychology course. D) Full-time and part-time undergraduate students enrolled in university. View Feedback Question 2 1 / 1 point You want to run a between-subjects experiment to identify the effectiveness of the memory-enhancing pill “MemoX” on first-year psychology undergraduate students. Which of the following will be the best control group? A) Randomly sampled students from all years studying psychology. B) Randomly sampled first-year students from the IntroPsych program. C) Randomly sampled first-year students from the science faculty. D) Randomly sampled students from all years and faculties. View Feedback Question 3 1 / 1 point Why do measures of central tendency only begin to describe a data set? Measures of central tendency can tell us where our data set is centred, but cannot tell us how the data is spread around that centre. Measures of central tendency can tell us how our data is spread around its centre, but B) cannot tell us where our data set is centred. Measures of central tendency can tell us how our data is spread around its centre, but C) this information is useless for statistical analysis. Measures of central tendency can tell us where our data set is centred, but this D) information is useless for statistical analysis. A) View Feedback Question 4 0 / 1 point Eric found a new drink “Ultra Study” that is claimed to be even more effective than Mega Study. He’s designing an experiment to compare the effectiveness of the two drinks. Which of the following would be a plausible general theory? A) Both Mega Study and Ultra Study are capable of altering test performance. B) Test performance can be influenced by external factors. C) Test performance will not be affected by either Mega Study or Ultra Study. D) Both Mega Study and Ultra Study will be effective at increasing test performance. View Feedback Question 5 1 / 1 point Which of the following are r-values a measure of? A) The likelihood that the relationship between two variables does not involve other variables. B) The strength of the effect of one variable on another. C) The level of difference between experimental groups. D) The relationship between two variables studied. View Feedback Textbook Question 6 0 / 1 point Emily is studying the effect of caffeine consumption on alertness. She administers either caffeinated or decaffeinated coffee to the participants who complete an alertness questionnaire one hour later. Which of the following statements if true, would lead to a false conclusion? There is an actual difference between the two groups’ alertness levels;however, during A) group assignment, the decaffeinated group got the generally less alert individuals andEmily does not detect the effect of caffeine on alertness. There is an actual difference between the two groups’ alertness levels;however, during B) group assignment, the caffeinated group got the generally less alert individuals andEmily does not detect the effect of caffeine on alertness. There is no difference between the two groups’ alertness levels;however, during group C) assignment, the decaffeinated group got the generally less alert individuals and Emily detects a false effect of caffeine on alertness. There is no difference between the two groups’ alertness levels;however, during group D) assignment, the caffeinated group got the generally more alert individuals and Emily detects a false effect of caffeine on alertness. View Feedback Question 7 1 / 1 point Vladimir is investigating the relationship between attention and caffeine intake. He decides to run an experiment that records the reaction times of a group of people who ingest no caffeine in the morning, and another group of people who ingest two cups of caffeine in the evening. Which of the following correctly outlines the dependent variable and confounding variable, respectively? A) Reaction time; time of day B) Attention; amount of caffeine intake C) Attention; time of day D) Time of day; amount of caffeine intake View Feedback Question 8 1 / 1 point Which of the following subjects demonstrates response sets in an experiment collecting self-report data? Michael answers ‘A’ to every multiple choice question in an experiment assessing his A) knowledge of the material he previously learned in a blended learning environment as opposed to a traditional lecture. Cynthia overestimates her level of happiness and level of excitement during an B) experiment because she would like the experimenters to believe she is a fun and exciting participant. Karin underestimates her level of mind wandering during an experiment because she C) does not want the experimenters to think she wasn’t paying attention. Conrad answers ‘4’ to his level of stress, level of happiness, and level of boredom on a D) 7-point scale without reading the questions because his experiment is running very late. View Feedback 1 / 1 point Question 9 Dr. Louis is investigating the relationship between amount of sleep and level of stress. She instructs ten males and ten females to record the number of hours of sleep each night for one month, and then records their perceived level of stress on a ten point scale. Which of the following is an example of a binary variable? A) Average duration of sleep over the entire month B) Duration of sleep each night C) Gender of the participant D) Perceived level of stress View Feedback Tutorial Question 10 0 / 1 point Dr. Battista is studying the effect of classical music versus rock music on mood. Which of the following is an example of how she would set up her experiment as double blind? Participants are told that they will be listening to different types of music and that their A) mood will be recorded. Dr. Battista asks her graduate students to record the mood of participants without telling her students why. Participants are told that they will hear music while completing the experiment, but that it is just for entertainment purposes. Dr. Battista explains the details of the experiment B) and experimental groups to her graduate students who later analyze the recorded moods of participants. Participants are not told why they are listening to music. Dr. Battista asks her graduate C) students to record the mood of participants without telling her students why. Participants are not told why they are listening to music. Dr. Battista explains the details D) of the experiment and experimental groups to her graduate students wholater analyze the recorded moods of participants. View Feedback 0 / 1 point Question 1 In the steps of the scientific method, why should researchers report their findings before replication? To allow for other researchers to look for potential issues that may go unnoticed if the research was just replicated. To allow for other researchers to look for potential issues and have an opportunity to B) replicate the research before the original researchers. To allow the researchers to become aware of any ethical boundaries they crossed in C) their research and to make adjustments before replication. To allow for other researchers to prevent research from being repl...
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