Criminal Justice Chapter 4 Slides

Criminal Justice Chapter 4 Slides - Chapter 4 Criminal Law:...

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1 Chapter 4 Criminal Law: Substance and Procedure
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2 Criminal Law is the body of rules that defines crimes, sets out their punishments, and mandates the procedures for carrying out the criminal justice process.
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3 Three Categories of Law Substantive Criminal Law Defines crimes and their punishment. Involves mental & physical elements of crime, categories, and defenses. Procedural Criminal Law Basic rules of practice such as rules of evidence, arrest law, search and seizure, appeal, right to counsel. Its main source is the Bill of rights. Civil Law The set of rules governing relations between private parties such as wills, contracts, trusts, and property ownership.
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4 Torts Intentional Torts Injury that the person knew or should have known would occur through their actions. Negligent Torts Injuries caused because a person’s actions were unreasonably unsafe or careless. Strict Liability Torts A particular action causes damage prohibited by statute.
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5 Early History of Criminal Law U.S. criminal code can be traced to the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi, Mosaic Code of the Israelites, Roman Twelve Tables German & Anglo-Saxon societies developed a monetary compensation called ‘wergild’ for criminal violations Guilt was determined by Compurgation : The accused swore an oath of innocence and was backed up by 12 to 25 “oath helpers” who basically served as character witnesses. Ordeal
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Criminal Justice Chapter 4 Slides - Chapter 4 Criminal Law:...

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