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Criminal Justice Chapter 1 Slides

Criminal Justice Chapter 1 Slides - Chapter 1 Crime and...

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Siegel & Senna, 11e 1 Chapter 1 Crime and Criminal Justice
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Siegel & Senna, 11e 2 The Criminal Justice System A system that the public relies on to provide solutions to crime problems and to help shape the direction of crime policy A collection of agencies that protects the public, maintains order, enforces the law, brings the guilty to justice, and treats criminal behavior More than 2 million men and women are employed by a variety of government agencies at the federal, state, county, and local levels
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Siegel & Senna, 11e 3 Crime & History in the United States Crime and violence are nothing new, and have in fact existed since the dawn of our existence Crimes can differ from generation to generation, place to place and so on. What constitutes a crime can differ between communities, nations, generations, and so on, because every group has different standards of behavior. Some acts are generally considered to be taboo. The text gives a number of examples of crimes throughout our nation’s history, but a close examination gives us an idea of just how crimes (and the techniques to commit them) have evolved over time.
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Siegel & Senna, 11e 4 Some Early Developments in the Criminal Justice System 1764: Cesare Beccaria publishes his treatise, On Crime and Punishments , arguing against torture and capital punishment He believed that crime would be prevented if a criminal justice system was created that allowed the government to quickly detect, process, and punish violators. 1829: Birth of the London Metropolitan Police 1838: Boston Police Department First paid, professional police department. 1917: Michigan State Police 1919: Chicago Crime Commission A citizens group that still exists today. 1931: Wickersham Commission Confirmed the complexity of the modern criminal justice system.
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Siegel & Senna, 11e 5 The Modern Criminal Justice System The Criminal Justice System of today is our society's instrument of social control Social control is the ability of society and its institutions to control, manage, restrain, or direct human behavior
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Siegel & Senna, 11e 6 The Three Branches of Government Judiciary Legislative Executive
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Siegel & Senna, 11e 7
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Siegel & Senna, 11e 8 Contemporary Criminal Justice System: Three Components
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