Criminal Justice Chapter 2 Slides

Criminal Justice Chapter 2 Slides - Chapter 2 The Nature...

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1 Chapter 2 The Nature and Extent of Crime
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2 Crime Crimes against both persons and property are nothing new. Crimes can be committed by both rich and poor. Personal socioeconomic factors largely dictate the kinds of crime a person commits. What is defined as a crime can very based on a number of factors.
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3 Some social, economic, personal, and demographic factors that affect crime Age Economy Social malaise Abortion Justice Policy Firearms Gangs Drug Use Media See pages 62-63 of your text.
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4 Ecological Factors that Affect Crime Day Season Climate Weather Temperature Population Density Region of Country
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5 Violent Crimes Violent crimes are those crimes that involve some use of force against another.
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6 Violent Crime Violence is a significant part of our culture and is reflected in our literature, entertainment, games, and many other aspects of our daily lives. Although violent crime was said to decline in the late 1990s through mid-2000s, crime data from the past few years indicates that it is again on the rise, especially in economically depressed areas like Michigan. Violent crime can take many forms, to include: Gang Violence Murder Rape Intimate (Domestic) Violence
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7 Gangs…a perpetual problem Gangs have spread from the larger cities into smaller and medium size cities, and even rural areas. Modern gangs are motivated by drug profits and street power. It is believed that there are more than 24,000 gangs in the U.S. with over 760,000 members. According to the text, 80% of larger cities with a population of over 50,000 report gang activity.
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8 Murder Defined as the willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another. The text describes three types of murderers: 1. Mass Murderers : kill many victims in a single outburst. 2. Spree Killers : spread their murderous outburst over a few days or weeks. 3. Serial Killers : kill over a long period of time but typically assume a “normal” identity between murders.
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9 Rape Common Law Definition : The carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will. Michigan Compiled Laws, Sections 750.520a – 520n Gang versus Individual Rape Women subjected to rape by multiple offenders are more likely to experience violence such as beatings or the use of weapons. Gang rape victims are more likely to resist than those attacked by single assailants. Gang rape victims are more likely to report the rape. Serial Rape
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course CJ 110 taught by Professor Maxwell during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Criminal Justice Chapter 2 Slides - Chapter 2 The Nature...

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