306k_2f csd sec1 - Communication Across the Lifespan...

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Communication Across the Lifespan
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Learning Objectives 1. To know the definition of language. 2. To understand the processes and systems that underlie speech and language development. 3. To differentiate between language form, content, and use. 4. To learn about important changes in language development that occur during four major periods of development: infancy, the preschool years, the school-age years, and adulthood.
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Speech and Language Development Infancy: From Crying to Short Phrases (0 - 24 Months) Preschool Years: From Early Sentences to Stories (2 - 5 Years) School-age years: From Oral Language to Written Language (5 - 21 Years) Adulthood (21 +)
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Infancy: From Crying to Short Phrases (0 - 24 months) 6 - 8 months Understands simple words Babbling - produce a variety of sounds 10 - 14 months First Words Jargon - babbling with adult-like patterns 16 - 24 months 2-word utterances First grammatical morphemes
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Examples of Jargon and Early Words 2.02 - Ryan and Megan - jargon 2.03 - reduplicated babbling, variegated babbling, jargon, and words Children often produce babbling intermixed with single words.
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2-word utterances The same 2 words can have multiple meanings. Sally ball Sally, there’s the ball. That’s Sally’s ball. Sally, throw me the ball. Sally has the ball.
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Early Grammatical Morphemes Just before children turn 2, they start producing their first grammatical morphemes
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Infancy - Pragmatics Parents carry nearly all of the communicative responsibility Parents in many cultures treat their children’s utterances “as if” they were intentional, meaningful, and pragmatically relevant Use language for a variety of functions Satisfy needs Control Others Establish Contact Get Information Explain
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Preschool Years (2 - 5) Lexical Semantics - vocabulary growth
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course CSD 306k taught by Professor Marquardt during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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306k_2f csd sec1 - Communication Across the Lifespan...

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