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Exam 1 review questions - ISS 315 Dr Handrick Quiz 1 Review...

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ISS 315 Dr. Handrick Quiz 1 Review Questions ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Liberal Democracy 1. What is an ideology ? a. Schematic images of the social order that defines the social situation make meaningful actions possible. 2. What are the four principles of liberal democracy as a political ideology ? a. A belief in the worth and dignity of the individual and the rational ability of human beings to determine their own destinies politically and economically. b. An attack on hereditary prerogatives, feudalism, the aristocracy, the monarchy, the state established church and institutions that submerge the individual into a larger whole and deprive them of their essential dignity. c. Natural law, as a moral principle: guarantees every person the inalienable right to life, liberty, and property (kind of like pursuit of happiness) d. Government derives from the consent of the governed, and its role is limited to protect individual liberty and cannot violate individual rights. 3. What are the four beliefs of classical liberalism ? How do they differ from modern liberalism? a. Right to vote. Ex) U.S. now can be called “liberal democracy” because they just removed the restriction on the rights of Blacks to vote. b. Belief in republican government, not mass democracy. Elected leaders, decide questions of public policy. c. Belief in equality of opportunity, not absolute equality. Each person should have equal chance to develop, but inequalities are inevitable product of individual merit and work. (work and rewards are different in individuals) d. Belief in Capitalism as essential to Liberalism. i. Classical liberalism is different because their belief emphasizes individuals’ right and that role of government is very limited. 4. How do market economies differ from command economies ? a. Market economy has i. Productive resources owned by private individuals, firms and self-employeed. ii. Investment undertaken by private individuals or firms in search of profits. iii. Allocation of goods by market forces. iv. Income determined by market forces that reward productivity and ownership. b. Command Economy has i. Everything above by owned/ employed by government. 5. How do classical liberals differ from modern liberals ?
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a. Equality of opportunity vs. Reduction of absolute inequality b. Laissez-faire vs. Gov. intervention in economy c. Law, tradition and morality vs. secular humanism. 6. Why does Castles feel that politics matters more than wealth in the formation of social policy in modern states? a. Because for poor countries, it does not matter whose hand control the till because the till was empty. For affluent liberal democracies, the notion of political choice makes more sense. Political factors do exert at least some influence on public expenditure patters in liberal democracy.
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