lol.docx - Rachel Bull PHI 3301 Writing Assignment#1 Studying other cultures has given insight into what is culturally acceptable in other cultures We

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Rachel Bull PHI 3301 September 15, 2017 Writing Assignment #1 Studying other cultures has given insight into what is culturally acceptable in other cultures. We have used these differences in beliefs to divide ourselves into distinct groups with different ideas of what is morally right and wrong. Due to this, a popular belief now is that things are morally right or wrong based on what one believes it to be. This view is often referred to as moral relativism or moral subjectivism, which is the idea that moral beliefs are correct or incorrect relative to a certain viewpoint, and that one viewpoint has no higher standing than any other. In this ideology, any action can be viewed as morally right so long as the individual performing the action views it as such. In this paper, I will analyze the cultural differences argument for moral relativism and discuss why it ultimately fails as a defense. Consider the following argument for moral relativism: (1) Different societies have varying standards and beliefs of what is morally right (2) The moral standards and beliefs of a society determine what is right and wrong within that particular society (3) An objective standard on which to judge a society’s moral standards and beliefs does not exist, making it impossible to claim one society’s moral beliefs are better than another’s (4) Therefore, no society has a more “correct” definition of what is morally right, meaning that there are no universal truths of morality and all cultures are morally “equal”.
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