PHI 3301-Argumentative Essay rewrite-Rachel Bull.docx - Rachel Bull PHI 3301 Writing Assignment#2 The field of sociology has given us great insights

PHI 3301-Argumentative Essay rewrite-Rachel Bull.docx -...

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Rachel Bull PHI 3301 October 27, 2017 Writing Assignment #2 The field of sociology has given us great insights into what is accepted in other societies. Following this, different cultures have used these variances in beliefs to divide themselves into distinct groups with different moral codes. Due to this, popular belief now is that things are morally right or wrong based on what one believes it to be. This idea, which is often referred to as moral relativism, is the idea that moral beliefs are correct or incorrect relative to a certain viewpoint, and that one viewpoint has no higher standing than any other. In this ideology, any action can be viewed as morally right so long as the individual performing the action views it as such. In this paper, I will analyze the cultural differences argument for moral relativism and discuss why it ultimately fails as a defense. I will also then provide an argument against moral relativism. In doing so, I will mention a common moral relativist defense to objectivism and discuss why it fails. Consider the following argument for moral relativism: (1) Different societies have varying standards and beliefs of what is morally right (2) The moral standards and beliefs of a society determine what is right and wrong within that particular society (3) An objective standard on which to judge a society’s moral standards and beliefs does not exist, making it impossible to claim one society’s moral beliefs are better than another’s (4) Therefore, no society has a more “correct” definition of what is morally right, meaning that there are no universal truths of morality and all cultures are morally “equal”.
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The argument above, known as the cultural differences argument, is often stated in defense of moral relativism. It can be shortened to the following:
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