CH 09 REVIEW QUIZ Sociology.pdf

CH 09 REVIEW QUIZ Sociology.pdf - Question 1 4.76 out of...

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Question 1 A Muslim classmate from your introductory sociology course helps organize a march protesting discrimination against Muslim Americans on campus. Hundreds of students from area colleges participate. What type of action is this? Selected Answer: b. collective resistance Answers: a. straight‑line assimilation b. collective resistance c. withdrawal d. code switching Response Feedback: FEEDBACK: Collective resistance is an organized effort to change a power hierarchy on the part of a less‑powerful group in society. Question 2 A woman whose maternal grandparents came to the United States from Norway participates in a Norwegian folk dance group and bakes Norwegian pastries for special occasions. This is an example of Selected Answer: a. symbolic ethnicity. Answers: a. symbolic ethnicity. b. inherited ethnicity. c. assimilation. d. racialization. Response Feedback: FEEDBACK: Symbolic ethnicity is a nationality, not in the sense of carrying the rights and duties of citizenship but of identifying with a past or future nationality. Many white Americans choose to identify with a past nationality, which illustrates the privileged positions of whites in American society. Question 3 Avi is disappointed that his daughter is marrying a Latino immigrant because he thinks Latinos oppose women having successful careers. This is an example of Selected Answer: a. prejudice. Answers: a. prejudice. b. racialization. c. ethnocentrism. d. discrimination. Response Feedback: FEEDBACK: Prejudice is negative thoughts and feelings about an ethnic or racial group. Remember that discrimination involves harmful or negative acts. Question 4 Between 1924 and 1979, the state of Virginia performed sterilizations on individuals deemed "unfit." This included people with epilepsy, which today is recognized and treated as a medical condition. These cases represent a manifestation of Selected Answer: c. eugenics. Answers: a. environmentalism. b. nativism. c. eugenics. d. social Darwinism. Response Feedback: FEEDBACK: Eugenics arose out the mid‑nineteenth‑century proliferation of scientific exploration, including Charles Darwin's work in evolutionary biology. When scientific thought at that time realized that existing attempts to "explain" differences in human beings such as skin color did not fully fit current scientific knowledge, new answers were sought. Question 5 Following the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the U.S. government decreed that all people of Japanese descent living in the United States, whether or not they were citizens, were subject to internment in concentration camps. At the time, enclaves of Japanese Americans thrived in several American cities. The fear and rejection of anyone with Japanese ancestry following the attacks reflected a decline in Selected Answer: d.
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