IV Module.docx - Module IV Fluids/Medications Dosage...

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Module IV Fluids/Medications Dosage Calculation of IV Fluids/Medications Objectives At the end of this module, the student will be able to: 1. Calculate IV infusion rates, times, and volumes. Learning activities 1. Complete the Tutorial and the Practice Problems. 2. See Reading Guide. General Information: IV Fluids and Calculations Indications for IV Fluids IV therapy begins with a doctor's order and must include the type of fluid to be administered and the rate the fluid is to be administered. For example: IV-D5W at 125 mL/hr, or LR at 50 mL/h. There are two general reasons why IV fluid is administered. They are to replace fluids that have been lost and to maintain fluids. Replacement fluids are often ordered for replacement of lost fluids from hemorrhage, vomiting or diarrhea. Maintenance fluids sustain normal fluid and electrolyte balance, such as for someone that is NPO for extended periods of time.IV fluids are administered either continuously or intermittently. Continuous fluids are given through a "mainline". Intermittent fluids are generally given as an IV "piggyback", or given directly into the mainline fluids through a port.
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  • Winter '16
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