PSYC 306 Lecture Notes EATING DISORDERS AND FOOD ADDICTION.docx

PSYC 306 Lecture Notes EATING DISORDERS AND FOOD ADDICTION.docx

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PSYC 306 PSYC 306 EATING DISORDERS AND FOOD ADDICTION Linda Mintle, Ph.D. Course Description Eating disorders are often discussed within the mental health community regarding the addictive and impulsive nature of its various conditions. Dr. Linda Mintle presents compelling biological and statistical evidence to define eating disorders as addictions. She presents the four types of eating disorders in addition to various treatment methodologies. Learning Objectives: By the end of this lesson, students: 1. Will be able to explain the biological and statistical research concerning eating disorders. 2. Will be able to discuss and differentiate between the four types of eating disorders. 3. Will be able to understand and utilize the various treatment methods in practice for eating disorders. I. Overview of Eating Disorders and Food Addiction A. Addiction or Impulsive Condition? It depends on who you talk to and which research you read. Still being studied. B. There are many similarities between eating disorders and other addictions. Drinker to drinking than addiction, abuse. Dieting, food, addiction, compulsion, binge. Biological mechanisms that relate the two Progressive compulsion Research shows that both have a psychological vulnerability to use food to medicate a state food can medicate a state you feel, common in addictions. Continued exposure to behavior requires more to have same reinforcing effect Laxative abuse for example, or exercising Page 1 of 5
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PSYC 306 Subjective states of craving can persist long after behavior stops Can lead to chronic problems, relapse. Still thinking about food that is unhealthy even they are not doing the behavior. Compulsive behavior continues in the face of severe consequences Particularly drugs persist even though they know they can die or have medical issues. Have repetitive and ritualistic behaviors involved Show resistance to treatment with frequent lapses Denial, not willing to surrender their control. Both score high on addictive personality tests Coping styles are similar. Many drug addicts begin with compulsive eating Switches one addiction for another. Biological similarities Dopamine, pleasure, Seratonin, low levels can be a problem (mood, appetite, dreaming) 1. Both have excessively low values of specific neurotransmitters 2. Certain hereditary characteristics increase risk of eating disorders and addictions
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