Unformatted text preview: Lesson 4: Post-Civil War Economic Expansion
Name: Destiny DeMarino
1. In 1844 Samuel F. B. Morse perfected the electrical telegraph, connecting people like
never before, then years later in 1876 Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone, which
within 50 years over 16 million telephones were out in the nation. In 1867 the typewriter gave an
advantage to businesses along with the invention of the register in 1897 and the adding machine
in 1888. These are some of the inventions that led to industrialization in America after the Civil
1. I chose the stanza;
All the women in the West
That heard of John Henry's death,
Stood in the rain, flagged the eastbound train,
Goin' where John Henry dropped dead,
Goin' where John Henry dropped dead.
My interpretation is that when the people (especially women) on the west side of the country
were stunned when they found out that John Henry had died. They stood in the rain and got on
the train going to the east to go visit the place where John Henry had died.
2. John Henry’s last words to his ‘iddle boy’ was, “I want you to be a steel drivin' man.”
3. One negative consequence of mechanization highlighted by this poem is the heavy
tools the workers had to use. The poem says, The hammah that John Henry swung, It weighed
over nine poun',” for a hammer that someone is supposed to use all day, that is very heavy and is
a lot of hard work for someone to be expected to do all day every day.
1. President Abraham Lincoln was the first president to push for constructing the
transcontinental railroad, by signing the Pacific Railroad Act on July 1st 1862.
2. The two groups that composed a large number of workers that constructed the
transcontinental railroad were the Civil War veterans and Chinese immigrants from the Union
Pacific and the Central Pacific companies. Both groups provided cheap labor that could be done in a short amount of time; however, there were lots of miscommunication between the two coasts
are were mismatched 320 kilometers.
1. The goal for many Chinese workers that came to America to work was to save up $300
to $400 to go back home so they could live comfortably. With that sum of money they would be
able to get married, have kids, have servants and own a large home.
2. After working in the railroads, for less than what the Americans were getting paid, they
would have to work at least 20 months ($25 per month, after taxes $20 per month) to have saved
up $400 if they did not spend any money. However, they had to pay for their own food, supplies
and other materials that again the Americans did not have to pay for.
1. I think by saying, “Chinese laborers to this country endangers the good order of certain
localities within the territory” was just a formal way of saying that people in local towns and
cities that the Chinese people were living in were scared of them and or scared of the change that
was happening or going to happen.
2. I do think that they would have thought of this as offensive because they are being
stereotyped and not let into (what we call free America) a country that somewhat practiced
freedom. (I say somewhat because you were only truly free if you were white and or a man.)
3. The two political cartoons about Chinese immigrants indicate about American attitudes
and sensitivities in the late 19th century that American’s did not care if immigrants felt unwanted
or unsafe. They were here to help America out, in unsafe environments and were not paid how
they should have been, and now that they were done with the job America hired them to do, they
wanted the immigrants to get out because they had no use for them anymore.
Nothing would load.
1.The average workweek was 59 hours per week.
2. 25,000 people died in American factories in 1913 alone. 1880s. 3. The railroad strike limited the effectiveness of unions in the United States through the 4. I go to work five days for 8 hour shifts while going to school my two off days and I am
already exhausted on a day to day basis. I worked a 12 hour shift one time and I was making up
for lost sleep for two weeks after the fact, but I was able to get caught up on my sleep. If I were
to be expected to work six days for 10 hour shifts, I know I would not be able to do it. Especially
since the work is strenuous factory work. I work in retail where I can take a 30 minute break
whenever I want, yes I am on my feet but nothing like they had to do in the 1800’s. I also get
paid vacation and sick time, that I know they did not have back then.
1. Bellamy misses the mark of the year 2000 by saying, “The nation, that is to say,
organized as the one great business corporation in which all other corporations were absorbed.”
1. The transportation companies he is probably referring to are the railroad companies.
2. American tariffs may hurt the export market for Midwestern agricultural surplus by the
products not being cheap enough for people to actually want to buy. A surplus means we have
too many of one thing, when we have too many we want to try to drop the price so it will sell and
3. Grange obviously thinks that the agriculture should be the center of all profit. If he
says that, “national nursing mother of all the occupations” that means that all other occupations
rely on agriculture.
4. One is saying that it should change with the people and the other is saying that it
should always be changing. It can either be one or the other. ...
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