HIS 122 Lesson 4_ Post-Civil War Economic Expansion.pdf

HIS 122 Lesson 4_ Post-Civil War Economic Expansion.pdf -...

This preview shows page 1 out of 3 pages.

You've reached the end of this preview.

Unformatted text preview: Lesson​ ​4:​ ​Post-Civil​ ​War​ ​Economic​ ​Expansion Name:​ ​Destiny​ ​DeMarino Exercise​ ​#1 1.​ ​In​ ​1844​ ​Samuel​ ​F.​ ​B.​ ​Morse​ ​perfected​ ​the​ ​electrical​ ​telegraph,​ ​connecting​ ​people​ ​like never​ ​before,​ ​then​ ​years​ ​later​ ​in​ ​1876​ ​Alexander​ ​Graham​ ​Bell​ ​invented​ ​the​ ​telephone,​ ​which within​ ​50​ ​years​ ​over​ ​16​ ​million​ ​telephones​ ​were​ ​out​ ​in​ ​the​ ​nation.​ ​In​ ​1867​ ​the​ ​typewriter​ ​gave​ ​an advantage​ ​to​ ​businesses​ ​along​ ​with​ ​the​ ​invention​ ​of​ ​the​ ​register​ ​in​ ​1897​ ​and​ ​the​ ​adding​ ​machine in​ ​1888.​ ​These​ ​are​ ​some​ ​of​ ​the​ ​inventions​ ​that​ ​led​ ​to​ ​industrialization​ ​in​ ​America​ ​after​ ​the​ ​Civil War. Exercise​ ​#3 1.​ ​I​ ​chose​ ​the​ ​stanza; All​ ​the​ ​women​ ​in​ ​the​ ​West That​ ​heard​ ​of​ ​John​ ​Henry's​ ​death, Stood​ ​in​ ​the​ ​rain,​ ​flagged​ ​the​ ​eastbound​ ​train, Goin'​ ​where​ ​John​ ​Henry​ ​dropped​ ​dead, Goin'​ ​where​ ​John​ ​Henry​ ​dropped​ ​dead. My​ ​interpretation​ ​is​ ​that​ ​when​ ​the​ ​people​ ​(especially​ ​women)​ ​on​ ​the​ ​west​ ​side​ ​of​ ​the​ ​country were​ ​stunned​ ​when​ ​they​ ​found​ ​out​ ​that​ ​John​ ​Henry​ ​had​ ​died.​ ​They​ ​stood​ ​in​ ​the​ ​rain​ ​and​ ​got​ ​on the​ ​train​ ​going​ ​to​ ​the​ ​east​ ​to​ ​go​ ​visit​ ​the​ ​place​ ​where​ ​John​ ​Henry​ ​had​ ​died. 2.​ ​John​ ​Henry’s​ ​last​ ​words​ ​to​ ​his​ ​‘iddle​ ​boy’​ ​was,​ ​“I​ ​want​ ​you​ ​to​ ​be​ ​a​ ​steel​ ​drivin'​ ​man.” 3.​ ​One​ ​negative​ ​consequence​ ​of​ ​mechanization​ ​highlighted​ ​by​ ​this​ ​poem​ ​is​ ​the​ ​heavy tools​ ​the​ ​workers​ ​had​ ​to​ ​use.​ ​The​ ​poem​ ​says,​ ​The​ ​hammah​ ​that​ ​John​ ​Henry​ ​swung,​ ​It​ ​weighed over​ ​nine​ ​poun',”​ ​for​ ​a​ ​hammer​ ​that​ ​someone​ ​is​ ​supposed​ ​to​ ​use​ ​all​ ​day,​ ​that​ ​is​ ​very​ ​heavy​ ​and​ ​is a​ ​lot​ ​of​ ​hard​ ​work​ ​for​ ​someone​ ​to​ ​be​ ​expected​ ​to​ ​do​ ​all​ ​day​ ​every​ ​day. Exercise​ ​#4 1.​ ​President​ ​Abraham​ ​Lincoln​ ​was​ ​the​ ​first​ ​president​ ​to​ ​push​ ​for​ ​constructing​ ​the transcontinental​ ​railroad,​ ​by​ ​signing​ ​the​ ​Pacific​ ​Railroad​ ​Act​ ​on​ ​July​ ​1st​ ​1862. 2.​ ​ ​The​ ​two​ ​groups​ ​that​ ​composed​ ​a​ ​large​ ​number​ ​of​ ​workers​ ​that​ ​constructed​ ​the transcontinental​ ​railroad​ ​were​ ​the​ ​Civil​ ​War​ ​veterans​ ​and​ ​Chinese​ ​immigrants​ ​from​ ​the​ ​Union Pacific​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Central​ ​Pacific​ ​companies.​ ​Both​ ​groups​ ​provided​ ​cheap​ ​labor​ ​that​ ​could​ ​be​ ​done in​ ​a​ ​short​ ​amount​ ​of​ ​time;​ ​however,​ ​there​ ​were​ ​lots​ ​of​ ​miscommunication​ ​between​ ​the​ ​two​ ​coasts are​ ​were​ ​mismatched​ ​320​ ​kilometers. Exercise​ ​#5 1.​ ​The​ ​goal​ ​for​ ​many​ ​Chinese​ ​workers ​that​ ​came​ ​to​ ​America​ ​to​ ​work​ ​was​ ​to​ ​save​ ​up​ ​$300 to​ ​$400​ ​to​ ​go​ ​back​ ​home​ ​so​ ​they​ ​could​ ​live​ ​comfortably.​ ​With​ ​that​ ​sum​ ​of​ ​money​ ​they​ ​would​ ​be able​ ​to​ ​get​ ​married,​ ​have​ ​kids,​ ​have​ ​servants​ ​and​ ​own​ ​a​ ​large​ ​home. 2.​ ​After​ ​working​ ​in​ ​the​ ​railroads,​ ​for​ ​less​ ​than​ ​what​ ​the​ ​Americans​ ​were​ ​getting​ ​paid,​ ​they would​ ​have​ ​to​ ​work​ ​at​ ​least​ ​20​ ​months​ ​($25​ ​per​ ​month,​ ​after​ ​taxes​ ​$20​ ​per​ ​month)​ ​to​ ​have​ ​saved up​ ​$400​ ​if​ ​they​ ​did​ ​not​ ​spend​ ​any​ ​money.​ ​However,​ ​they​ ​had​ ​to​ ​pay​ ​for​ ​their​ ​own​ ​food,​ ​supplies and​ ​other​ ​materials​ ​that​ ​again​ ​the​ ​Americans​ ​did​ ​not​ ​have​ ​to​ ​pay​ ​for. Exercise​ ​#6 1.​ ​I​ ​think​ ​by​ ​saying,​ ​“​Chinese​ ​laborers​ ​to​ ​this​ ​country​ ​endangers​ ​the​ ​good​ ​order​ ​of​ ​certain localities​ ​within​ ​the​ ​territory”​ ​was​ ​just​ ​a​ ​formal​ ​way​ ​of​ ​saying​ ​that​ ​people​ ​in​ ​local​ ​towns​ ​and cities​ ​that​ ​the​ ​Chinese​ ​people​ ​were​ ​living​ ​in​ ​were​ ​scared​ ​of​ ​them​ ​and​ ​or​ ​scared​ ​of​ ​the​ ​change​ ​that was​ ​happening​ ​or​ ​going​ ​to​ ​happen. 2.​ ​I​ ​do​ ​think​ ​that​ ​they​ ​would​ ​have​ ​thought​ ​of​ ​this​ ​as​ ​offensive​ ​because​ ​they​ ​are​ ​being stereotyped​ ​and​ ​not​ ​let​ ​into​ ​(what​ ​we​ ​call​ ​free​ ​America)​ ​a​ ​country​ ​that​ ​somewhat​ ​practiced freedom.​ ​(I​ ​say​ ​somewhat​ ​because​ ​you​ ​were​ ​only​ ​truly​ ​free​ ​if​ ​you​ ​were​ ​white​ ​and​ ​or​ ​a​ ​man.) 3.​ ​The​ ​two​ ​political​ ​cartoons​ ​about​ ​Chinese​ ​immigrants​ ​indicate​ ​about​ ​American​ ​attitudes and​ ​sensitivities​ ​in​ ​the​ ​late​ ​19th​ ​century​ ​that​ ​American’s​ ​did​ ​not​ ​care​ ​if​ ​immigrants​ ​felt​ ​unwanted or​ ​unsafe.​ ​They​ ​were​ ​here​ ​to​ ​help​ ​America​ ​out,​ ​in​ ​unsafe​ ​environments​ ​and​ ​were​ ​not​ ​paid​ ​how they​ ​should​ ​have​ ​been,​ ​and​ ​now​ ​that​ ​they​ ​were​ ​done​ ​with​ ​the​ ​job​ ​America​ ​hired​ ​them​ ​to​ ​do,​ ​they wanted​ ​the​ ​immigrants​ ​to​ ​get​ ​out​ ​because​ ​they​ ​had​ ​no​ ​use​ ​for​ ​them​ ​anymore. Exercise​ ​#8 Nothing​ ​would​ ​load. Exercise​ ​#9 1.The​ ​average​ ​workweek​ ​was​ ​59​ ​hours​ ​per​ ​week. 2.​ ​25,000​ ​people​ ​died​ ​in​ ​American​ ​factories​ ​in​ ​1913​ ​alone. 1880s. 3.​ ​The​ ​railroad​ ​strike​ ​limited​ ​the​ ​effectiveness​ ​of​ ​unions​ ​in​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States​ ​through​ ​the 4.​ ​I​ ​go​ ​to​ ​work​ ​five​ ​days​ ​for​ ​8​ ​hour​ ​shifts​ ​while​ ​going​ ​to​ ​school​ ​my​ ​two​ ​off​ ​days​ ​and​ ​I​ ​am already​ ​exhausted​ ​on​ ​a​ ​day​ ​to​ ​day​ ​basis.​ ​I​ ​worked​ ​a​ ​12​ hour​ ​shift​ ​one​ ​time​ ​and​ ​I​ ​was​ ​making​ ​up for​ ​lost​ ​sleep​ ​for​ ​two​ ​weeks​ ​after​ ​the​ ​fact,​ ​but​ ​I​ ​was​ ​able​ ​to​ ​get​ ​caught​ ​up​ ​on​ ​my​ ​sleep.​ ​If​ ​I​ ​were to​ ​be​ ​expected​ ​to​ ​work​ ​six​ ​days​ ​for​ ​10​ ​hour​ ​shifts,​ ​I​ ​know​ ​I​ ​would​ ​not​ ​be​ ​able​ ​to​ ​do​ ​it.​ ​Especially since​ ​the​ ​work​ ​is​ ​strenuous​ ​factory​ ​work.​ ​I​ ​work​ ​in​ ​retail​ ​where​ ​I​ ​can​ ​take​ ​a​ ​30​ ​minute​ ​break whenever​ ​I​ ​want,​ ​yes​ ​I​ ​am​ ​on​ ​my​ ​feet​ ​but​ ​nothing​ ​like​ ​they​ ​had​ ​to​ ​do​ ​in​ ​the​ ​1800’s.​ ​I​ ​also​ ​get paid​ ​vacation​ ​and​ ​sick​ ​time,​ ​that​ ​I​ ​know​ ​they​ ​did​ ​not​ ​have​ ​back​ ​then. Exercise​ ​#10 1.​ ​Bellamy​ ​misses​ ​the​ ​mark​ ​of​ ​the​ ​year​ ​2000​ ​by​ ​saying,​ ​“​The​ ​nation,​ ​that​ ​is​ ​to​ ​say, organized​ ​as​ ​the​ ​one​ ​great​ ​business​ ​corporation​ ​in​ ​which​ ​all​ ​other​ ​corporations​ ​were​ ​absorbed.” Exercise​ ​#13 1.​ ​The​ ​transportation​ ​companies​ ​he​ ​is​ ​probably​ ​referring​ ​to​ ​are​ ​the​ ​railroad​ ​companies. 2.​ ​American​ ​tariffs​ ​may​ ​hurt​ ​the​ ​export​ ​market​ ​for​ ​Midwestern​ ​agricultural​ ​surplus​ ​by​ ​the products​ ​not​ ​being​ ​cheap​ ​enough​ ​for​ ​people​ ​to​ ​actually​ ​want​ ​to​ ​buy.​ ​A​ ​surplus​ ​means​ ​we​ ​have too​ ​many​ ​of​ ​one​ ​thing,​ ​when​ ​we​ ​have​ ​too​ ​many​ ​we​ ​want​ ​to​ ​try​ ​to​ ​drop​ ​the​ ​price​ ​so​ ​it​ ​will​ ​sell​ ​and reach​ ​equilibrium. 3.​ ​Grange​ ​obviously​ ​thinks​ ​that​ ​the​ ​agriculture​ ​should​ ​be​ ​the​ ​center​ ​of​ ​all​ ​profit.​ ​If​ ​he says​ ​that,​ ​“​national​ ​nursing​ ​mother​ ​of​ ​all​ ​the​ ​occupations”​ ​that​ ​means​ ​that​ ​all​ ​other​ ​occupations rely​ ​on​ ​agriculture. 4.​ ​One​ ​is​ ​saying​ ​that​ ​it​ ​should​ ​change​ ​with​ ​the​ ​people​ ​and​ ​the​ ​other​ ​is​ ​saying​ ​that​ ​it should​ ​always​ ​be​ ​changing.​ ​It​ ​can​ ​either​ ​be​ ​one​ ​or​ ​the​ ​other. ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern