Exam 2 Review.docx - Historical Sexes 1 sex model(ancient...

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Historical Sexes 1 sex model (ancient greece - mid 1700s) women were lesser, different men inversion - the adoption of behavior typical of the opposite sex; homosexuality 2 sex model differentiation of sexes (m/f) differences in conception and orgasm 1 sex model: thought both genders need to reach orgasm to conceive 2 sex model: thought that women didn’t need to reach orgasm to conceive Historical Gender societies with scarce food favored more plump looking women Pre Industrialization vs Post Pre-indus : Pre-industrial typically have predominantly agricultural economies and limited production, division of labor, and class variation. A hunter-gatherer society is one in which most or all food is obtained from wild plants and animals, in contrast to an agricultural society that relies mainly on domesticated species. Feudalism was a set of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the ninth and fifteenth centuries, and, broadly defined, was a system for structuring society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labor. Manorialism, an essential element of feudal society, was the organizing principle of rural economy that originated in the villa system of the Late Roman Empire. Post: A postindustrial society is a social system in which most economic activity is concerned with providing services based on knowledge more than with producing goods. People’s primary involvement is with other people rather than with raw materials or machinery. Class attached with a woman’s standard of beauty Historical Sex and Gender Sex Role Theory (1950’s) - Talcott Parson’s nuclear family: a term used to define a family group consisting of a pair of adults and their children (usually two or three) in which gender roles are clearly defined as paternally dominant, with a passive home maker wife, the kids playing with their gender specific toys, and a husband who worked to come home to his happy family each day. Talcott Parsons theorized that a family is held together by gender socialization and complementary roles between men and women. The mother would take care of the children and household The father would labor in the economy Parsons believed that children were socialized to develop certain gender specific attributes.
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For little girls: "expressive attributes" i. e. being sensitive to others' feelings and emotional needs. For little boys: "instrumental attributes" i.e. independence, leadership, and competitiveness. Parsons and his complementary sex role theories are widely criticized by modern sociologists. Though Parson's theory is from a by gone era, we do still see his generalized complementary sex roles in modern society.
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  • Spring '14
  • BeckaA.Alper

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