Chapter Summaries.docx

Chapter Summaries.docx - CHAPTER1:THEMOVIEBEGINS o...

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CHAPTER 1: THE MOVIE BEGINS  Motion pictures took off in 1890s. o Technologies  o Rise of mass urban populations, which coincided with the economic & social transformation of  society by industrial capitalism.  This made a demand for cheap entertainment for the new urban industrial working class.  The scientific impulse o Emergence of photography 1830s. (Charles Musser) Pre-history of movies included number of devices 19 th  century, created illusion of realistic motion: o The magic latern, the fantasmagorie, the stereopticon, & serial photography. In the 1 st  10 years of movies it was called realism and now it is called documentary films.  In united states, boxing was legalized in 1896, where recording re-enacting scenes was done.  Rise of fictional/narrative film dominated after 1907.  When did the movies begin? Eadweard Muybridge did an experiment with setting 12 cameras to capture the horse movement in 1877. o He invented  zoopraxiscope : circular wheel that allowed drawings & still photographs to be  projected onto a screen.  The peep show Birth of the cinema, Thomas Edison. Edison’s company invented kinetoscope in 1893 and in 1894  began charging amusement park patrons money to view moving images.  Film projection  Auguste and Louis Lumiere, brothers first established motion pictures on screen to paying audience.  They were first to develop an apparatus called a cinematograph, which could record & project moving  images o 1 st  screenings was done on Dec 28 th  1895, in Paris.  o 1895 beginning of the cinema/movies. Edison developed and marketed the vitascope projector in early 1896. Live music (1895-1927). Black & white until 1935, one camera angle, 45 seconds long.  The social context In the late 19 th  century, entertainment was in the forms of: circus, the wild west show, the amusement  park & Vaudeville theatre.  In the first 10 or 15 years of the movie exhibition industry was characterized by working class  patronage. Silent film was attracted by non-english speaking immigrants that took place from 1890-1920. By the teens, movie industry required a large consumer market (mass audience).  Film as a working class medium Stephan ross
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o Working class Hollywood: silent film and the shaping of class in America (1998). o Before 1914, movies were on class conflict.  Distribution  Film exchange only begun in 1903, as exhibitors rent films for a certain period of time.  Exhibition  Presented in amusement parks, churches and union halls.  Vaudeville theatre became the 1 st  permanent homes for the movies  They began renting storefronts & charging audience 5 cents for watching short films. Storefront = 
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