agricultural problems in pakistan.docx - AGRICULTURAL...

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AGRICULTURAL PROBLEMS IN PAKISTAN M UMAIR AKRAM (B-18520) SEMESTER 8 SUBJECT : ISLAMIYAT STUDIES AND PAKISTAN STUDIES SUBMITTED TO : SIR BUKHTAWAR ALI
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2 Table of Contents 1.Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 3 1.1.Background ................................................................................................................................ 3 1.2.Ranking ...................................................................................................................................... 4 1.3.Agricultural Status Statistically Review ...................................................................................... 4 A-PRODUCTION OF IMPORTANT CROPS 2005-06 BASE ................................................................. 4 B-Crop-wise of Usage of Fertilizers .................................................................................................. 4 C-Western and Eastern Rivers Inflows at Rim-station ..................................................................... 5 D-Province-wise Canal Withdrawals ................................................................................................ 5 2.PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR .................................................................. 8 A. TECHNO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS ............................................................................ 8 B. NATURAL PROBLEMS ................................................................................................. 10 C. SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS ............................................................................... 11 D. FINANCIAL PROBLEMS .............................................................................................. 12 3. MEASURES TO REMOVE THESE PROBLEMS .......................................................... 12 4.CONCLUSION .............................................................................................................................. 14
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3 1.Introduction: 1.1Background: Agriculture in Pakistan Pakistan is situated in southern Asia, between the latitudes 23° 35’ to 37° 05’ North and longitudes 60° 50’ to 77° 50’ East (GOVPK, 2008) (Fig. 1 below). It is among the e most important agricultural countries of the world. Figure 1. Map of Pakistan, showing its Position in Asia (World Atlas, 2007) Pakistan's principal natural resources are arable land and water. About 25% of Pakistan's agriculture accounts for about 21% [1] of GDP and employs about 43% of the labour force. In Pakistan, the most agricultural province is Punjab where wheat and cotton are the most grown. Mango orchards are mostly found in Sindh and Punjab provinces that make Pakistan the world's 4th largest producer of mangoes
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4 1.2Ranking: Pakistan is one of the world's largest producers and suppliers of food and crops according to the different sources . Chickpea (3rd) Apricot (6th) Cotton (4th) Milk (5th) Date Palm (5th) Sugarcane (5th) Onion (7th) Kinnow , mandarin oranges , clementine (6th) Mango (4th) Wheat (7th) Rice (4 th 1.3 Agricultural Status Statistically Review A-PRODUCTION OF IMPORTANT CROPS 2005-06 BASE Crops 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Wheat 110.3 113.8 118.8(p) Maize 139.5 135.7 145.6 Rice 111.1 99.8 122.5 Sugarcane 130.7 142.7 148.8 Cotton 104.4 100.1 98.1 B-Crop-wise of Usage of Fertilizers Year Wheat Rice Maieze Cotton Sugarcane Others Total
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5 50% 6.0% 1.5% 25.0% 8.0% 9.5% 2011-12 1930.45 231.65 57.91 965.23 308.87 366.79 3860.90 2012-13 1810.75 217.29 54.32 905.38 289.72 344.04 3621.50 2013-14 2044.55 245.35 61.34 1022.28 327.13 388.46 4089.10 N.B. Crop-wise percent share are based on Fertilizer Use Survey 2005, NFDC Source: National Fertilizer Development Centre, Islamabad C-Western and Eastern Rivers Inflows at Rim-station D-Province-wise Canal Withdrawals
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6 E-Area Irrigated by Different Source
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7 F-Land Utilization Statistics 3. TOTAL AREA REPORTED is the total physical area of the villages/deh, tehsils or districts etc. 4. FOREST AREA is the area of any land administered as forest under any legal enactment dealing with forests. Any cultivated area which may exist within such forest is shown under heading "cultivated area". 5. AREA NOT AVAILABLE FOR CULTIVATION is that uncultivated area of the farm which is under farm home steads, farm roads and other connected purposes and not available for cultivation 6. CULTURABLE WASTE is that uncultivated farm area which is fit for cultivation but was not cropped during the year under reference nor in the year before that.
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