Chapter 6.docx - LEARNING CHAPTER 6 Learning a relatively...

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LEARNING: CHAPTER 6 Learning: a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs through experience o Change must be 1. Relatively permanent Non- associative Learning: o Learning by exposure to a single event----not of a relation Habituation: process of responses to stimuli weakening over time after repeated exposures. o Simplest form of learning. Sensitization: strengthened response to a stimulus over time after repeated exposure o Become more sensitive to the stimulus o Often because stimulus is dangerous and/or annoying. What is Classical Conditioning? o Learning through associations o 2 stimuli are paired (associated) together. o Uses automatic responses Reflexive and involuntary Typically, physiological in nature Stimulus-Response o Classic conditioning relies on the process of stimulus-response o Stimulus-Response : there is a stimulus that stimulates the body and a response that causes the body to automatically react in some way Involuntary reflex (no control over) Automatic response that happens the first time, every time. Classical Conditioning Terms o Unconditioned Stimulus (US): stimulus that automatically triggers a response E.g., meat powder o Unconditioned Response (UR): automatic response to a non- neutral stimulus (not learned!) E.g., salivation
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Processes of Classical Conditioning o In classical conditioning, take naturally occurring process of stimulus-response and alter it Step 1 start with a pre-existing relationship between US & UR Step 2 pair a neutral stimulus with the US Add to the reflex that already exists to create new response
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