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Gillikin 1 Chandler Gillikin Mr. Skaer English 102 Mar. 2, 2017 Greek vs Roman Deities Why do we still take information from old myth stories from nations gone past? It is because of a simple saying “Know the past lest the past repeats itself.” This saying is telling us to learn from our mistakes and of those long gone. But, what do the stories of myths have to do with the past you say? Those myths created by man and when creating a story, you give it a hidden meaning like “Knowledge is power.” Mythology is a collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition or the study of myths. Greek and Roman mythology came from a collection of stories and myths about their own world with belief in gods, and heroes. The Greeks and Romans were polytheistic and believed in many gods that controlled aspects of mortal lives. Differentiating Greek and Roman gods and goddesses is important, because they each represent aspects that, if misinterpreted, could also mean misinterpreting the many manuscripts. In Rome, they found a statue of a wolf feeding two kids, this is a representation of the creation of Rome mythological story. The Greeks did come before the Romans but the still have many of the same parallels. Going through this paper you will find the creation stories for both Greek and Roman mythology, along with their power structure and their relationship with mortals.
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Gillikin 2 Greek Creation Myth For showing the differences between Greek and Roman mythology, you should start at the beginning: Greece. There are multiple versions of the creation story of Greek mythology. But, most all of them contradict each other in some way from being as simple to as one god is master over something in one story to master of something completely different in another. The most popular and cited is Hesiod’s Theogony, because it’s hard to understand and the actual creation myth doesn’t start until later in this book. In Theogony , written by Hesiod and interpreted by M.L. West ( Theogony , 1997), It starts off with nothingness called the void, also called Chaos. The Chaos then gave birth to Erebus, the primordial god of darkness, and to Night, also known as Nyx. Then came Love, and through Love came Light and Day. Then the primordial goddess Gaea, the earth, appeared. Erebus slept with Nyx, who gave birth to Ether, the heavenly light. Nyx alone gave birth to Doom, Fate, Death, Sleep, Dreams, Nemesis, and others that come to man out of darkness. Gaea, alone, gave birth to Ouranos, also known as Uranus, who then became her husband. They, together, produced three Cyclopes, three Hecatoncheires, and twelve Titans. In Theogony , written by Hesiod and interpreted by M.L. West ( Theogony , 1997), Uranus was a bad father and horrible husband. He hated the Hecatoncheires, so he imprisoned them in Gaea’s womb. Gaea was furious and made a flint sickle and gave it to her youngest son of the Titans, named Kronos. Gaea and Kronos planned to ambush Uranus, so as Gaea was laying with Uranus, Kronos attacked Uranus and castrated Uranus and threw his genitals into the sea. The
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