From Feudalism to Capitalism.pptx

From Feudalism to Capitalism.pptx - 1 From Feudalism to...

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1. From Feudalism to Capitalism 1. Feudalism, c.1200-1600 # Marx & Engels – In Europe - capitalism grew out of the ruins of feudalism > capitalism succeeds feudalism Marx & Engels – In Feudalism, peasants (rural) have no revolutionary potential as society is primitive, traditional, class-less. Feudal society – landed aristocracy dominate an unfree, servile, landless, unskilled peasantry who pay rent or work for tenancy by force– serfdom or vassalage – serfs or slaves – technically the landlord’s property BUT in capitalism, workers (urban) are a class > they can be revolutionary
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Marx and Engels > view feudalism as pre-capitalist; has to collapse for capitalism to emerge. CRITS of Marx and Engels:-ji Feudalism - a form of primitive capitalist accumulation of land Feudalist systems can result in lords producing for sale – Its an econ. structure – its capitalist As tenants pay rent, their dependency on the landlord increases, become a labour source Consequently – the producer is separated from the means of production – J. E. Martin, 1986
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Churches; royal monarchical families; and a few rich families owned land by accumulation or by inheritance of the land, the rest worked on it Results – peasant revolts (England, 13 th C); revolutions (Fr; Russia, etc, 17 th -18thCe) – discomforts with feudalist system Leads to abolition & associated transition to modern capitalism. This was a non-linear transition & was necessitated by: * The rise of merchant capitalism
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* rise of petty commodity production, itself initially a subordinate element in feudalism of the 15-16 th C – See Sweezy and Dobb’s works – eventually led to capitalist agric * rise of state’s political absolutism – creates conditions for rethinking agrarian policy and for protecting peasants against feudalism – results in peasants-feudalists struggles; peasants deserting enclosures/villages; antagonisms which led to changes in agrarian production relations + peasants owning land under secure tenure = collapse of feudalism (16 th C England)
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2. Feudalism in Africa Was Africa feudal ? Marxists – Feudalism was context specific – referred to an experience in medieval Western Europe, not relevant to Africa Non-Marxists – feudalism = generally a form of social, econ.
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